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Changes to How the Names of Laws and Regulations Are Translated
The March 2017 version 12.0 of the Standard Legal Terms Dictionary has been released.
Please note that this updated version of the Dictionary reflects changes to word order and other alterations to how the names of some laws and regulations are translated.
We plan on applying these changes throughout this website at the time that each updated translation is made available.

●内閣府令(ないかくふれい)
Cabinet Office Order

●省令(しょうれい)
Ministerial Order
【例】内閣官房令 Cabinet Secretariat Order
【例】復興庁令 Reconstruction Agency Order
【例】総務省 Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
【例】法務省令 Ministry of Justice Order
【例】外務省令 Ministry of Foreign Affairs Order
【例】財務省令 Ministry of Finance Order
【例】文部科学省令 Order of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
【例】厚生労働省令 Order of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare
【例】農林水産省令 Order of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
【例】経済産業省令 Order of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
【例】国土交通省令 Order of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
【例】環境省令 Order of the Ministry of the Environment
【例】防衛省令 Ministry of Defense Order

●施行令(しこうれい)
Enforcement Order

●規則(きそく)
(1) Regulation[法形式が省令の場合]
【例】商法施行規則 Regulation for Enforcement of the Commercial Code
(2) Rule[法形式が規則の場合]
【例】民事訴訟規則 Rules of Civil Procedure
【例】公正取引委員会規則 Fair Trade Commission Rules

●施行規則(しこうきそく)
Enforcement Regulation
【例】銀行法施行規則 Regulation for Enforcement of the Banking Act

●勅令(ちょくれい)
Imperial Order
EntryAfter revision
外国為替(削除)
科す(削除)
仮装(削除)
基準外国為替相場(削除)
苦情処理手続(削除)
口頭弁論の全趣旨(削除)
再生手続開始の申立て(削除)
収賄(削除)
贈賄(削除)
不法原因給付(削除)
振替口座簿(削除)
文書の趣旨(削除)
暴行(削除)

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EntryBefore revisionAfter revision
引致to bring (… to …)physical escort
売渡株式等shares, etc.subject to a cash-outshares, etc. subject to a cash-out
開始後債権post commencement claimpost-commencement claim
開始の申立てpetition for commencementpetition to commence
各種学校schools for specialized educationmiscellaneous category school
加算税penalty taxadditional tax
果実fruitfruits
…から…までの規定provisions … to … inclusiveprovisions of … through …
過料non-criminal finecivil fine
為替exchangeexchange; fund transfer
換価realizationsale; realization
監禁confinementunlawful confinement
管財人代理trustee representativedeputy trustee
鑑定expert opinion; expert testimony; appraisalexpert examination; expert testimony; expert opinion; appraisal
鑑定の嘱託request for an expert opinionrequest for an expert examination
規則Ordinance; Rule; regulationRegulation; Rule
起訴状charging sheetcharging instrument
寄託depositbailment
寄託者depositorbailor
寄託物deposited goodsbailed goods
規程rules; procedure; regulation; Cabinet Order; Ordinancerules; procedure; regulation
共益債権common benefit claimcommon-benefit claim
強制換価手続compulsory realization procedurecompulsory selling-out procedure
行政庁administrative agencyadministrative authority
供託depositdeposit with an official depository
拒絶査定に対する審判trial regarding a rejection by the examinertrial against a rejection
拒絶審査不服審判appeal against (determination on) examiner's decision of rejectionappeal against a rejection
禁錮imprisonmentimprisonment without work
禁錮以上の刑に処せられた者a person who has been sentenced to imprisonment or heavier punishmenta person who has been sentenced to imprisonment without work or heavier punishment
禁止命令prohibition orderprohibitory injunction; stay order
勾引状subpoenawrit of physical escort
公正証書notarized instrumentnotarial instrument; authentic instrument
港長Captain of the portcaptain of the port
国語national languageJapanese; language
国有財産national propertynational government asset
債権の調査及び確定investigation and determination of claimsinvestigation and allowance of claims
財団債権claim of the estate (estate claim)claim on the estate (estate claim)
詐欺破産(再生)罪crime of fraudulent bankruptcy/rehabilitationbankruptcy (rehabilitation) fraud
施行規則Ordinance for EnforcementEnforcement Regulation
施行令order for enforcementEnforcement Order
執行証書notarized instrument authorizing executionnotarial instrument authorizing execution
重加算税additional penalty taxheavy additional tax
受寄者depositarybailee
出資者equity investor; equity holderequity investor; capital investor
上級行政庁higher administrative agencyhigher administrative authority
承認管財人recognition trusteerecognized trustee
承認管財人代理recognition trustee representativerecognized deputy trustee
省令Ordinance of the Ministry; Ministerial OrdinanceMinisterial Order
所管行政庁administrative agency with jurisdictionadministrative authority with jurisdiction
職権証拠調べexamination of evidence by courts' own authorityexamination of evidence by court's own authority
処分庁administrative agensy reaching the dispositionadministrative agency reaching the disposition
審決trial decision; decision on appealtrial decision; decision on appeal; ruling; determination; decision
審判trial; decision; trial and decision; inquiry; hearing; adjudication; ruling; determination; adjustmenttrial; decision; trial and decision; inquiry; adjudication; ruling; adjustment
審判官hearing examiner; judge; administrative judgehearing officer; judge; administrative judge
審判書記官clerk of hearingtrial clerk
審判長chief hearing examiner; chief administrative judgechief hearing officer; chief administrative judge
審判手続trial proceedings; hearing proceedings; inquiry proceedingstrial proceedings; inquiry proceedings
船長captainmaster
贓物property obtained through a crimeunlawfully taken property
懲役imprisonment with required laborimprisonment
勅令imperial ordinanceimperial order
追徴collection of equivalent value; subsequent collectioncollection of equivalent value; collection of delinquent payment
手続開始の決定order of commencementorder commencing … (proceedings)
手続開始前の原因causes before the commencement of (rehabilitation) proceedingsa cause occurring prior to the commencement of (rehabilitation) proceedings
天然果実natural fruitnatural fruits
当該said; such; that; the; referenced; relevantthat; the; referenced; relevant
(外国人)登録原票(alian) registration card(alien) registration card
内閣府令Cabinet Office OrdinanceCabinet Office Order
認証certification; approval; accreditationcertification; accreditation
…の日の翌日から起算してfrom the day following the date of; since the day following the date of; commencing from the day following the date of(counting) from the day following the date of; commencing on the day following the date of
背任breach of trustbreach of duty of loyalty
破産管財人代理bankruptcy trustee representativedeputy bankruptcy trustee
包括的禁止命令comprehensive prohibition ordercomprehensive prohibitory injunction
防護標章登録defensive markdefensive mark registration
法人でない団体organization without legal personailtyorganization without legal personality
法定果実civil fruitcivil fruits
保険契約者policyholder; insurance contact holderpolicyholder; insurance contract holder
無期禁錮life imprisonmentlife imprisonment without work
無期懲役life imprisonment with required laborlife imprisonment
免訴dismissal by reason of judicial bardismissal by a bar to prosecution

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EntryTranslation
一般信書便事業ordinary correspondence delivery service
運用報告書investment report
過少申告加算税additional tax for under report
仮装するfalsify
関係会社related company
関連会社affiliated company
禁治産者legally incapacitated person
苦情処理complaint processing
契印seal to confirm page continuation
勾引physical escort
更生債権reorganization claim
更生担保権secured reorganization claim
口頭弁論の全趣旨及び証拠調べの結果all oral arguments and the result of the examination of evidence
自衛官(Uniformed) Self-Defense Forces personnel
収賄(罪)(criminal) acceptance of bribe
趣旨purport; outline
準禁治産者person with limited legal capacity
信用状letter of credit
制限行為能力者person with qualified legal capacity
総代会member representatives meeting
贈賄(罪)(criminal) offer of bribe
抵当証券mortgage instrument
特別背任breach of special duty of loyalty
特定信書便事業specified correspondence delivery service
日計表daily cash count sheet
破産債権の確定allowance of a bankruptcy claim
罰金刑を科すbe subject to a fine
紛争解決機関dispute resolution organization
暴行(罪)(criminal) assault
保険仲立人insurance broker
保険募集insurance sales
予備支払人backup drawee

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EntryAfter revision
吸収合併契約等備置開始日(削除)
計上額(削除)
在任している(削除)
敷金の返還請求権(削除)
自首(削除)
重要(事項)(削除)
純損失(削除)
真実であることの証明(削除)
税引前当期純損失(削除)
税引前当期純利益(削除)
訴状却下命令(削除)
当期純損失(削除)
当期純利益(削除)
廃止(削除)
夫婦財産(削除)
免除する(削除)

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EntryBefore revisionAfter revision
遺贈testamentary giftlegacy; bequest
医薬品medicinemedicine; drug; pharmaceutical
印鑑seal impressionseal impression; seal
売渡株式shares subject to the cash-outshares subject to a cash-out
売渡株式等shares, etc. subject to the cash-outshares, etc.subject to a cash-out
売渡株式等の取得の無効の訴えaction to invalidate the acquisition of the shares, etc. subject to the cash-outaction to invalidate the acquisition of the shares, etc. subject to a cash-out
売渡株主shareholder subject to the cash-outshareholder subject to a cash-out
売渡株主等shareholders, etc. subject to the cash-outshareholder, etc. subject to a cash-out
売渡新株予約権share option subject to the cash-outshare option subject to a cash-out
売渡新株予約権者share option holder subject to the cash-outshare option holder subject to a cash-out
外国倒産処理手続foreign insolvency proceeding(s)foreign insolvency proceedings
課徴金surchargeadministrative monetary penalty; surcharge
株式移転設立完全親会社wholly owning parent company incorporated in the share transferwholly owning parent company incorporated in a share transfer
株式売渡請求demand for cash-outdemand for a cash-out
株式交換完全親会社wholly owning parent company resulting from the share exchangewholly owning parent company resulting from a share exchange
株式交換完全親株式会社wholly owning parent stock company resulting from the share exchangewholly owning parent stock company resulting from a share exchange
株式交換等完全親会社wholly owning parent company resulting from the share exchange, etc.wholly owning parent company resulting from a share exchange, etc.
株式交換等完全子会社wholly owned subsidiary company resulting from the share exchange, etc.wholly owned subsidiary company resulting from a share exchange, etc.
株式等売渡請求demand for share, etc. cash-outdemand for a share, etc. cash-out
議決権voting rightvoting right; right to vote; vote
議決権行使書面voting cardvoting form
吸収合併消滅会社company disappearing in the absorption-type mergercompany disappearing in an absorption-type merger
吸収合併存続会社company surviving the absorption-type mergercompany surviving an absorption-type merger
吸収分割会社company splitting in the absorption-type splitcompany splitting in an absorption-type split
吸収分割株式会社stock company splitting in the absorption-type splitstock company splitting in an absorption-type split
吸収分割契約新株予約権share options in the absorption-type company split agreementshare option in an absorption-type company split agreement
吸収分割承継会社company succeeding in the absorption-type splitcompany succeeding in an absorption-type split
吸収分割承継株式会社stock company succeeding in the absorption-type splitstock company succeeding in an absorption-type split
吸収分割承継持分会社membership company succeeding in the absorption-type splitmembership company succeeding in an absorption-type split
共同相続joint inheritancejoint succession
業務方法書statement of operational proceduresoperational method statement
禁錮imprisonment without workimprisonment
金融商品仲介業financial instruments intermediationfinancial instruments intermediary service
金融商品仲介業者financial instruments intermediaryfinancial instruments intermediary service provider
金融商品取引業者financial services providerfinancial instruments business operator
金融商品取引業協会financial instruments business associationfinancial instruments firms association
計画審理well-organized proceeding(s)well-organized proceedings
刑事訴訟criminal procedure; criminal proceeding(s)criminal procedure; criminal proceedings
決議について特別の利害関係を有する(者)(person) with a special interest in the resolution(person) with a special interest in a resolution
減殺abatementreduction
検認probateprobate; verification
控除deductiondeduction; tax credit; exemption
控除限度額maximum creditable amountmaximum credit; maximum deduction
公正証書notarial deednotarized instrument
口頭審理hearing; oral hearing; oral proceeding(s)hearing; oral hearing; oral proceedings
拘留misdemeanor imprisonment without workpenal detention
この法律に規定するもののほか、…は、…で定めるin addition to what is provided for in this Act, … are prescribed by …beyond what is provided for in this Act … prescribes …
債権証書claim deedinstrument evidencing claims
財産分与distribution of propertyequitable distribution
再生手続rehabilitation proceeding(s)rehabilitation proceedings
再生手続開始commencement of rehabilitation proceeding(s)commencement of rehabilitation proceedings
再生手続開始の申立てpetition for commencement of rehabilitation proceeding(s)petition for commencement of rehabilitation proceedings
再生手続終結termination of the rehabilitation proceeding(s)termination of rehabilitation proceedings
再生手続終了close of the rehabilitation proceeding(s)close of rehabilitation proceedings
再生手続廃止discontinuance of rehabilitation proceeding(s)discontinuance of rehabilitation proceedings
裁判手続judicial proceeding; court proceedingjudicial proceedings; court proceedings
参考人person of reference; unsworn witnessperson of reference; unsworn witness; witness
事業の部類line of the businessline of business
時効完成completion of prescription; lapse of the period of statute of limitationscompletion of prescription; lapse of the statute of limitations
執行証書execution deednotarized instrument authorizing execution
実行に着手するcommence the commission of a crimebegin to commit a crime
執行猶予suspension of execution of the sentencesuspended execution of the sentence
支払調書certificate of remuneration paymentreport of payment
酌量減軽reduction of punishment in the light of extenuating circumstancesreduction of punishment in light of extenuating circumstances
受遺者(testamentary) doneelegatee
準備手続preparatory proceedingpreparatory proceedings
準別除権者holder of the quasi-right of separate satisfactionholder of a quasi-right of separate satisfaction
商品投資顧問業commodity investment advisory servicescommodity investment management
商品投資顧問契約commodity investment advisory contractcommodity investment management contract
将来の請求権claim which may arise in the futureclaim that may arise in the future
所掌事務affairs under the jurisdiction(administrative) function under the jurisdiction (of~)
処分禁止の仮処分the provisional disposition that prohibits the disposition of the propertyprovisional disposition prohibiting the disposal of property
処分庁administrative agency ordering the dispositionadministrative agensy reaching the disposition
書面による準備手続preparatory proceeding(s) by means of documentspreparatory proceedings by means of documents
新株予約権売渡請求demand for share option cash-outdemand for a share option cash-out
新株予約権者share option holdershare option holder; holder of share option
新設合併消滅会社company disappearing in the consolidation-type mergercompany disappearing in a consolidation-type merger
新設合併消滅株式会社stock company disappearing in the consolidation-type mergerstock company disappearing in a consolidation-type merger
新設合併消滅持分会社membership company disappearing in the consolidation-type mergermembership company disappearing in a consolidation-type merger
新設合併設立会社company incorporated in the consolidation-type mergercompany incorporated in a consolidation-type merger
新設合併設立株式会社stock company incorporated in the consolidation-type mergerstock company incorporated in a consolidation-type merger
新設分割会社company splitting in the incorporation-type splitcompany splitting in an incorporation-type split
新設分割株式会社stock company splitting in the incorporation-type splitstock company splitting in an incorporation-type split
新設分割計画新株予約権share options in the incorporation-type split planshare options in an incorporation-type split plan
新設分割合同会社limited liability company splitting in the incorporation-type splitlimited liability company splitting in an incorporation-type split
新設分割設立会社company incorporated in the incorporation-type splitcompany incorporated in an incorporation-type split
新設分割設立株式会社stock company incorporated in the incorporation-type splitstock company incorporated in an incorporation-type split
新設分割設立持分会社membership company incorporated in the incorporation-type splitmembership company incorporated in an incorporation-type split
審判手続trial proceeding(s); hearing proceeding(s); inquiry proceeding(s)trial proceedings; hearing proceedings; inquiry proceedings
審理proceeding(s); trialproceedings; trial
審理の終結conclusion of proceedingconclusion of proceedings
前項に規定するもののほか、…は、…で定めるin addition to what is provided for in the preceding paragraph, … are prescribed by …beyond what is provided for in the preceding paragraph, … prescribes …
前項の…… set forth in the preceding paragraph… referred to in the preceding paragraph
前項の規定によりpursuant to the provision of the preceding paragraphpursuant to the provisions of the preceding paragraph
船舶国籍証書certificate of the vessel's nationalitycertificate of a vessel's nationality
相続inheritancesuccession; inheritance
相続財産inherited propertyestate
相続財産の管理人administrator of the inherited propertyadministrator of an estate
相続分share in inheritance; inheritance shareshare of an estate; share in an estate
争点及び証拠の整理手続proceeding(s) to arrange issues and evidenceproceedings to arrange issues and evidence
訴訟関係人person concerned in the caseperson concerned in a case
訴訟告知third party noticethird party notice; notice of suit
訴訟指揮control of court proceeding(s)control of court proceedings
訴訟手続litigation proceedinglitigation proceedings
訴訟手続の中止suspension of court proceeding(s)suspension of court proceedings
訴訟手続の停止stay of court proceeding(s)stay of court proceedings
即決裁判手続expedited trial proceedingexpedited trial proceedings
その法人又は人の業務に関して…をしたときは、行為者を罰するほか、その法人又は人に対して各本条の罰金刑を科するWhen an individual has done … with regard to the business of said corporation or individual, not only is the offender punished but also said corporation or individual is punished by the fine prescribed in the respective ArticlesIf a person … in connection with the business of the corporation or individual, in addition to the offender being subject to punishment, the corporation or individual is subject to the fine referred to in the relevant Article
対象会社the issuing companyissuing company
嫡出である子child born in wedlocklegitimate child; child born in wedlock
次の各号の一に該当する者any person who falls under any of the following itemsa person falling under one of the following items
出会送達service at the place of meetingservice wherever (the person) may be found
手続procedure; proceeding(s)procedure; proceedings
手続開始前の原因causes before the commencement of a (rehabilitation) proceedingcauses before the commencement of (rehabilitation) proceedings
店頭デリバティブ取引over-the-counter derivative transactionover-the-counter derivatives transaction
特別抗告special appeal against ruling to the Supreme Courtspecial appeal against a ruling to the Supreme Court
特別支配株主完全子法人wholly owned subsidiary of the special controlling shareholderwholly owned subsidiary of a special controlling shareholder
特別上告special appeal to the court of the last resortspecial appeal to the court of last resort
特別清算開始commencement of special liquidation proceeding(s)commencement of special liquidation proceedings
特許を受ける権利a right to the grant of patentright to grant of patent
都道府県知事governorprefectural governor
…において準用する…の規定the provision of …, as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to …the provisions of …, as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to …
…において準用する場合を含むincluding the cases where applied mutatis mutandis pursuant toincluding as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to
…において読み替えて準用する…の規定the provision of …, as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to … after deemed replacement,the provisions of …, as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to … following the deemed replacement of terms,
に掲げるもののほかin addition to what is set forth inbeyond what is set forth in
に定めるところによりpursuant to the provision of; as provided for bypursuant to the provisions of
については、なお従前の例によるthe provisions then in force remain applicableprior laws continue to govern
認知acknowledgment of paternity; filiationacknowledgment of parentage; filiation
…は、他の法律に特別の定めのある場合を除くほか、この法律の定めるところによるis governed by the provisions of this Act, except as otherwise provided by other actsis governed by the provisions of this Act, except as otherwise provided by other laws
破産手続bankruptcy proceeding(s)bankruptcy proceedings
非課税tax exemptionnontaxability of …; nontaxable
非常上告extraordinary appeal to the court of the last resortextraordinary appeal to the court of last resort
被申立担保権者the designated security right holderdesignated security right holder
負担付遺贈testamentary gift with burden; conditioned testamentary giftlegacy with burden; conditioned legacy
物上代位extension of security interest to the proceeds of the collateralextension of a security interest to the proceeds of the collateral
扶養控除deduction for dependentsdependency exemption
別除権者holder of the right of separate satisfactionholder of a right of separate satisfaction
弁論準備手続preparatory proceedingpreparatory proceedings
弁論準備手続調書record of preparatory proceedingrecord of preparatory proceedings
包括受遺者testamentary donee by universal successionuniversal legatee
保険契約者policyholderpolicyholder; insurance contact holder
無期禁錮life imprisonment without worklife imprisonment
無期懲役life imprisonment with worklife imprisonment with required labor
有価証券関連デリバティブ取引securities-related derivative transactionsecurities-related derivatives transaction
有価証券報告書securities reportannual securities report
要旨gist; digestgist; digest; outline
略式手続summary proceeding(s)summary proceedings

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EntryTranslation
安全保障(national) security
医療費控除medical expense deduction
印鑑証明書registered seal certificate
寡婦控除widow deduction
寡夫控除widower deduction
株式移転完全子会社wholly owned subsidiary company resulting from a share transfer
基礎控除basic personal exemption
吸収合併消滅株式会社stock company disappearing in an absorption-type merger
吸収合併存続株式会社stock company surviving an absorption-type merger
虚偽記載false statement
苦情処理手続complaint processing procedures
区長mayor of special ward; director of ward; headman of ward
警察本部長Chief of Prefectural Police Headquarters
契約者配当policyholder dividends
化粧品cosmetics
個人事業者sole proprietor
再生医療等製品regenerative medical product
在任するbe in office; hold office
在任中while in office; while holding office
雑損控除casualty loss deduction
事業方法書business method statement
自首するself-denounce
私署証書private instrument
四半期報告書quarterly securities report
重要なmaterial; significant
出資者equity investor; equity holder
(当期)純損失net loss
(当期)純利益net income
信用格付credit rating
信用格付業credit rating business
信用格付業者credit rating institution
信用取引margin transaction; deferred payment sales
税引前before tax
生命保険料控除life insurance premium deduction
デリバティブ取引derivatives transaction
投資一任契約discretionary investment contract
投資運用業investment management business
投資助言業務investment advisory business
投資顧問契約investment advisory contract
特定遺贈particular legacy
特定投資家professional investor
配偶者控除spousal deduction
廃止するrepeal; discontinue; close; abolish
配当控除dividend tax credit
売買sale; purchase and sale
半期報告書semiannual securities report
…備置開始日start date for keeping …
夫婦財産契約prenuptial agreement
夫婦財産制marital property system
紛争解決手続dispute resolution procedures
包括遺贈universal legacy; universal bequest
法人でない団体organization without legal personailty
暴力団員member of an organized crime group
前払式支払手段prepaid payment instrument
免除release; exemption; immunity; absolute discharge; waiver
約定数値agreed figure

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EntryAfter revision
隠避する(削除)
引用(削除)
隔離(削除)
科目(削除)
企業者(削除)
協調(削除)
金融商品仲介業(者)(削除)
区間(削除)
実施権(削除)
実施権者(削除)
受領許可状(削除)
上陸期間(削除)
食品関連事業者(削除)
専用実施権者(削除)
専用使用権者(削除)
相当でない(削除)
中小企業(削除)
中小企業者(削除)
中断(削除)
調製(削除)
著作権の存続期間(削除)
通常実施権者(削除)
倒産(削除)
倒産処理手続(削除)
投資顧問(削除)
認可事業者(削除)
附帯控訴(削除)
附帯税(削除)
放送事業者(削除)
募集(有価証券の募集)(削除)
やむを得ない(削除)
有線放送事業者(削除)
輸出者(削除)
輸入業者(削除)
輸入した者(削除)

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EntryBefore revisionAfter revision
一部改正partial revisionpartial amendment
運送業者transport operator; common carriercarrier
親事業者parent enterprise; main subcontracting enterpriselarge procuring enterprise
会計監査人accounting auditorfinancial auditor
会計監査人設置会社company with accounting auditorscompany with financial auditor(s)
会計参与設置会社company with accounting advisorscompany with accounting advisor(s)
監査役設置会社company with company auditorscompany with company auditor(s)
忌避するevade; challange; demand the recusal ofevade; challenge; demand the recusal of
吸収合併消滅会社company disappearing in absorption-type mergercompany disappearing in the absorption-type merger
吸収合併存続会社company surviving absorption-type mergercompany surviving the absorption-type merger
吸収分割会社splitting company in absorption-type company splitcompany splitting in the absorption-type split
吸収分割承継会社successor company in absorption-type company splitcompany succeeding in the absorption-type split
拒絶理由通知notice of reasons for refusalnotice of grounds for rejection
決定ruling; decision; orderruling; decision; order; determination
現在地current residence; current placecurrent residence; whereabouts
国債national government bondJapanese Government Bonds
この法律による改正後のrevised by this Actamended by this Act
この法律による改正前のprior to revision by this Actprior to amendment by this Act
この法律は、…に関し必要な事項を定めるものとするthis Act provides for necessary matters concerning …this Act provides for the necessary matters in connection with …
債権者代位権obligee's subrogation rightcreditor's right of subrogation
債権者代位訴訟action under obligee's subrogation rightaction by the subrogee
債権者を害する行為act that would prejudice creditorsact that would harm creditors
裁判上又は裁判外の行為judicial or extra-judicial actacts in or out of court
差別的取扱いdiscriminatory treatmentdiscriminatory treatment; differential treatment
産業廃棄物処分業者industrial waste disposal operatorindustrial waste disposal service
参考人witnessperson of reference; unsworn witness
敷地sitesite; grounds
事業者business operator; enterprise; entrepreneur; employercompany; provider; carrier; employer; contractor; enterprise; firm; business
事業場workplaceworkplace; place of business
事業主business operator; entrepreneur; employeremployer; a person in control of business
事業の譲渡business transferbusiness transfer; transfer of business
時効の中断interruption of prescriptionrenewal
事実factfacts
執行異議objection to a disposition of executionobjection to (a disposition of) execution
執行抗告appeal against a disposition of executionappeal against (a disposition of) execution
支払期日date of payment; payment datedate of payment; payment date; due date
集中証拠調べintensive examination of witness and partyfocused examination of witnesses and parties
収入incomerevenue; income
受継successionsubstitution; succession
種類株主総会class (shareholders) meetinggeneral meeting of class shareholders
種類創立総会class (shareholders) organizational meetingorganizational meeting of class shareholders
商業登記簿commercial regisercommercial register
消滅extinction; expiration; extinguishment; lapseextinction; expiration; extinguishment; lapse; forfeiture
新設合併消滅会社company disappearing in consolidation-type mergercompany disappearing in the consolidation-type merger
新設合併設立会社company incorporated in consolidation-type mergercompany incorporated in the consolidation-type merger
新設分割会社splitting company in incorporation-type company splitcompany splitting in the incorporation-type split
新設分割設立会社company incorporated in incorporation-type company splitcompany incorporated in the incorporation-type split
水路waterwaywaterway; channel
善意取得bona fide acquisitiongood faith acquisition
善意の第三者third party without knowledgea third party in good faith
前項に規定するもののほか、…は、…で定めるin addition to what is provided for in the preceding paragraph, … is prescribed by …in addition to what is provided for in the preceding paragraph, … are prescribed by …
全部取得条項付種類株式class share subject to class-wide callshare subject to class-wide call
専用実施権exclusive registered right to workexclusive (patent) license; exclusive (utility model) license; exclusive (design) license
専用使用権exclusive right to useexclusive (trademark) license
専用利用権exclusive exploitation rightexclusive (plant) license; exclusive (layout design) license
総会(general) meetingassembly
即時取得bona fide acquisitiongood faith acquisition
訴訟litigationlitigation; action; suit; lawsuit; proceedings
訴訟代理人counselcounsel; litigation representative
その法人又は人の業務に関して…をしたときは、行為者を罰するほか、その法人又は人に対して各本条の罰金刑を科するWhen an individual has done ... with regard to the business of said corporation or individual, not only is the offender punished but also said corporation or individual is punished by the fine prescribed in the respective ArticlesWhen an individual has done … with regard to the business of said corporation or individual, not only is the offender punished but also said corporation or individual is punished by the fine prescribed in the respective Articles
存続期間durationduration; term
対策countermeasurecountermeasure; control measures; measures; preventive measures; restorative measures; policy measures
退職retirementretirement; resigning (resignation); quitting; separation from employment
退職手当retirement allowanceseverance pay; retirement allowance
通常実施権ordinary right to worknon-exclusive (patent) license; non-exclusive (utility model) license; non-exclusive (design) license
通常利用権ordinary exploitation rightnon-exclusive (plant) license; non-exclusive (layout design) license
通信設備communication facilitytelecommunications facility
撤回revocationrevocation; withdrawal
電磁的記録electromagnetic recordelectronic or magnetic record
電磁的方式electromagnetic formelectronic or magnetic form
電磁的方法electromagnetic meanselectronic or magnetic means
同居の親族relatives living togethercohabiting relative
登録異議の申立てfiling of opposition to registrationfiling of objection to registration
登録異議申立書written opposition (to registration)written objection (to registration)
取立訴訟collection law suitcollection lawsuit
入札tender; bid; bidding processtender; bid; bidding process; sealed bidding
…の規定は、…について準用するthe provisions of ... apply mutatis mutandis to ...the provisions of … apply mutatis mutandis to …
物上保証人third party mortgagor; accommodation mortgagor; third party pledgor; accommodation pledgorthird person mortgagor; third person pledgor; third person collateral provider
別除権の目的である財産の受戻しredemption of collateral for a right of separationredemption of collateral subject to a right of separate satisfaction
別に法律で定める日the date specified separately by an actthe date specified separately by law
法人たる事業者business operator as a corporationperson doing business as a corporation
保証契約contract of guaranteeguarantee contract
本案meritsmerits; primary suit
無過失(過失がない)without fault; faultless; no-faultwithout negligence
元方事業者principal employerbeneficiary of third party services
有効期間validity period; effective period; validityvalidity; effective period; validity period; term

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EntryTranslation
(第一項の申し立てが)悪意によるものであること(を疎明しなければならない。)that the petition was filed in bad faith
偽りその他不正の行為deception or other wrongful act
隠避させるenable to escape; hide
訴えの提起が悪意によるものであること(を疎明しなければならない。)that the action was filed in bad faith
売渡株式shares subject to the cash-out
売渡株式等shares, etc. subject to the cash-out
売渡株式等の取得の無効の訴えaction to invalidate the acquisition of the shares, etc. subject to the cash-out
売渡株主shareholder subject to the cash-out
売渡株主等shareholders, etc. subject to the cash-out
売渡新株予約権share option subject to the cash-out
売渡新株予約権者share option holder subject to the cash-out
会計監査報告financial audit report
会計参与報告accounting advisor's report
外国税額控除foreign tax credit
改正法amendment act
買取請求appraisal rights
回復することができない損害irreparable damage
価格の決定determination of the price
(裁判所に対する)(売買)価格の決定の申立てpetition for the court to determine the price (or petition for determination of the price)
株券喪失登録簿register of lost share certificates
株式移転設立完全親会社wholly owning parent company incorporated in the share transfer
株式売渡請求demand for cash-out
株式買取請求exercise of appraisal rights
株式交換完全親会社wholly owning parent company resulting from the share exchange
株式交換完全親株式会社wholly owning parent stock company resulting from the share exchange
株式交換等完全親会社wholly owning parent company resulting from the share exchange, etc.
株式交換等完全子会社wholly owned subsidiary company resulting from the share exchange, etc.
株式等売渡請求demand for share, etc. cash-out
監査等委員audit and supervisory committee member
監査等委員会audit and supervisory committee
監査等委員会設置会社company with audit and supervisory committee
勘定科目accounting title
企業集団group of enterprises
(定款の)記載又は記録事項information required to be specified or recorded (in the articles of incorporation); information specified or recorded (in the articles of incorporation)
吸収分割株式会社stock company splitting in the absorption-type split
吸収分割契約新株予約権share options in the absorption-type company split agreement
吸収分割承継株式会社stock company succeeding in the absorption-type split
吸収分割承継持分会社membership company succeeding in the absorption-type split
拒絶査定に対する審判trial regarding a rejection by the examiner
金融商品仲介業financial instruments intermediation
金融商品仲介業者financial instruments intermediary
金融商品仲介行為intermediation for financial instruments
金融商品取引業者financial services provider
金融商品取引業協会financial instruments business association
くじdrawing of lots
繰越しcarry forward
決議について特別の利害関係を有する(者)(person) with a special interest in the resolution
控除限度額maximum creditable amount
異なる種類の株式shares of different classes
最終完全親会社等ultimate, wholly owning parent company, etc.
詐害営業譲渡fraudulent transfer of business
詐害事業譲渡fraudulent transfer of business
残存債権者remaining creditors
残存債権者を害することを知ってwith the knowledge that it harms remaining creditors
事業譲渡等business transfer, etc.
施行令order for enforcement
自己のone's own; …'s
市町村民税municipal inhabitants tax
支払者payer
指名委員会等設置会社company with nominating committee, etc.
氏名又は名称name
終局決定final order
(会社の)住所address
出国禁止命令writ of ne exeat
種類の株式a class of shares; shares of a class
小規模事業者small enterprise
譲渡会社transferor company
商品投資顧問業commodity investment advisory services
商品投資顧問契約commodity investment advisory contract
消滅会社等disappearing company, etc.
消滅株式会社等disappearing stock company, etc.
職務を行うperform the/one's duty(duties)
所在地(本店の)location (of head office)
新株予約権売渡請求demand for share option cash-out
新株予約権買取請求exercise of appraisal rights on share options
新株予約権者share option holder
新株予約権証券share option certificate
新設合併消滅株式会社stock company disappearing in the consolidation-type merger
新設合併消滅持分会社membership company disappearing in the consolidation-type merger
新設合併設立株式会社stock company incorporated in the consolidation-type merger
新設分割株式会社stock company splitting in the incorporation-type split
新設分割計画新株予約権share options in the incorporation-type split plan
新設分割合同会社limited liability company splitting in the incorporation-type split
新設分割設立株式会社stock company incorporated in the incorporation-type split
新設分割設立持分会社membership company incorporated in the incorporation-type split
税額控除tax credit
誓約する書面document in which (the person) pledges; document in which (the person) states; document in which (the person) promises
責任限定契約agreement limiting liability
責任追及等の訴えaction to enforce liability
セクシャルハラスメントsexual harassment
設立株式会社stock company to be incorporated
設立時…… at incorporation
設立時会計監査人financial auditor at incorporation
設立時会計参与accounting advisor at incorporation
設立時監査等委員audit and supervisory committee member at incorporation
設立時監査役(company) auditor at incorporation
設立時種類株主class shareholder at incorporation
設立時取締役director at incorporation
設立時発行株式share issued at incorporation
競り売りauction
善意でかつ重大な過失がないときin good faith and without gross negligence
総資産額total (amount of) assets
総収入金額gross revenue; gross income
組織変更計画entity conversion plan
組織変更後株式会社stock company after entity conversion
組織変更後持分会社membership company after entity conversion
存続会社等surviving company, etc.
存続株式会社等surviving stock company, etc.
対象会社the issuing company
担保提供命令order to provide security
遅延損害金delay damages; damages for delay
遅延利息delayed interest; interest on delayed payment
中小企業(者)small and medium-sized enterprise
通常使用権non-exclusive (trademark) license
適格旧株主qualified former shareholder
登録株式質権者registered pledgee of shares
登録新株予約権質権者registered pledgee of share options
特定責任追及の訴えaction to enforce specific liability
特別支配会社special controlling company
特別支配株主special controlling shareholder
特別支配株主完全子法人wholly owned subsidiary of the special controlling shareholder
特別取締役special director
特許無効審判patent invalidity trial; trial for patent invalidation
特許を受ける権利a right to the grant of patent
反対株主dissenting shareholder
非業務執行取締役non-executive director
被告適格standing to be sued
普通法人ordinary corporation
(・・・が)法令又は定款に違反する場合… is in violation of the applicable laws and regulations or the articles of incorporation
保険募集人insurance agent
募集offering; solicitation
無効の審判invalidity trial; trial for invalidation
戻入額reversal
有給休暇paid leave
譲受会社transferee company
割増賃金extra wages
をもって調製するusing …; in the form of …

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EntryAfter revision
悪意の(で)(削除)
外国人登録原票(削除)
回避(削除)
起因(削除)
技術的事項(削除)
擬制(…の擬制)(削除)
忌避する(検査を)(削除)
基本的事項(削除)
強制(削除)
金融商品仲介業(削除)
故意に(削除)
講ずる(削除)
重要事項(削除)
招集の通知(削除)
新設合併設立株式会社(削除)
設立会社(削除)
善意の(で)(削除)
仲介(業)(削除)
登録原票(削除)
に掲げる事項(削除)
に係る(削除)
に関連する事項(削除)

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EntryBefore revisionAfter revision
充てるshall serve as; shall be appointed from among; allocateserve as; is appointed from among; allocate
以下同じthe same shall apply hereinafterthe same applies hereinafter
以下この…において同じhereinafter the same shall apply in this …hereinafter the same applies in this …
異議の申立てfiling of an objection; raise an objectionfiling of an objection; raising of an objection
異議の申出(filing of an) objection; (raise an) objection(filing of an) objection; (raising of an) objection
異議申立人objector; petitioner for objection; opponenta person filing an objection; a person raising an objection; opponent
…以上… or more; not less than …; … or severer… or more; not less than …; … or heavier
意匠原簿design registrydesign register
委託者consignor; settlor; entrustorrequesting party; delegating party; entrustor; settlor; consignor
一般の優先権がある債権claim with general priority (statutory priority over the entire property of the debtor)general priority claim
委任mandate; delegation; entrustmandate; delegation; entrustment
受入れacceptanceacceptance; receipt
営業所business officeplace of business; business office
おそれrisk of; likelihood; threat ofrisk; likelihood; threat
加害者perpetrator; injuring partyperpetrator; offender; injuring party
各種学校miscellaneous schoolschools for specialized education
株主名簿shareholder registryshareholder register
株主名簿管理人shareholder registry administratorshareholder register administrator
鑑定証人expert as witnessexpert witness
鑑定人expert witness; appraiserexpert; appraiser
危険負担risk (of loss)burden of risk
記名押印name and sealaffixing the name and seal
規約constitution; rule; bylawsconstitution; rules; bylaws
休業給付(temporary) absence from work benefitbenefit for (temporary) absence from
強制執行execution(compulsory) execution
虚偽表示false manifestation of intention; misrepresentationfalse manifestation of intention; misrepresentation; simulation
禁錮以上の刑に処せられた者a person who has been sentenced to imprisonment or severer punishmenta person who has been sentenced to imprisonment or heavier punishment
組合partnership; union; memberpartnership
組合員partner; union member; associatepartner; member
繰延税金負債deferred tax liabilitiesdeferred tax liability
警察官police officialpolice officer
継続的給付continuous performancecontinuous supply
検案postmortem examinationdoctor's examination after death; fact examination
現行犯人flagrant offenderoffender caught in the act
検査機関(conformity) inspection bodyinspection organization; inspection body
検視postmortem inspectioncoroner's inspection
原簿registryregister
更生手続(corporate) reorganization proceeding(s)(corporate) reorganization proceedings
国際登録簿international registryinternational register
告訴accusationcriminal complaint
国内倒産処理手続domestic insolvency proceeding(s)domestic insolvency proceedings
国民citizen; nationalcitizen; national; the people
戸籍簿family registryfamily register book
この場合において、…中「…」とあるのは、「…」と読み替えるものとするin this case, the term "…" in … shall be deemed to be replaced with "…"in this case, the term "…" in … is deemed to be replaced with "…"
この法律において、次の各号に掲げる用語の意義は、当該各号に定めるところによるin this Act, the meanings of the terms set forth in the following items shall be as prescribed respectively in those itemsin this Act, the meanings of the terms set forth in the following items are as prescribed respectively in those items
この法律に規定するもののほか、…は、…で定めるin addition to what is provided for in this Act, … shall be prescribed by …in addition to what is provided for in this Act, … are prescribed by …
この法律は、…限り、その効力を失うthis Act shall cease to be effective at the end of …this Act ceases to be effective at the end of …
この法律は、…から施行するthis Act shall come into effect as of …this Act comes into effect as of …
この法律は、…に関し必要な事項を定めるものとするthis Act shall provide for necessary matters concerning …this Act provides for necessary matters concerning …
債券debenture (certificate)bond (certificate)
債権者委員会creditors committeecreditors' committee
債権者集会creditors meetingmeeting of creditors
債権者代位訴訟action for obligee's subrogation rightaction under obligee's subrogation right
再生rehabilitation; recycle; recoveryrehabilitation; recycle; recovery; revitalization
債務不履行defaultdefault; non-performance
詐害行為取消権right to request avoidance of fraudulent actright to demand rescission of fraudulent act
詐害行為取消訴訟action for avoidance of fraudulent actaction for rescission of fraudulent act
自己の財産におけるのと同一の注意義務をもってwith the same care he/she would exercise over his/her own propertywith the same care a person would exercise over the person's own property
実用新案原簿utility model registryutility model register
してはならないshall notmust not; is prohibited
しなければならないshallmust; shall
社債(company) bond(corporate) bond
社債券(company) bond certificate(corporate) bond certificate
社債原簿bond registrybond register
社債原簿管理人bond registry administratorbond register administrator
社債発行費(company) bond issuance expenses(corporate) bond issuance expenses
主登記principal registerprincipal registration
遵守事項matters to be observed; condition(s)rule to be observed; condition(s)
商業登記簿commercial registrycommercial regiser
商標原簿trademark registrytrademark register
消滅会社extinct companydisappearing company
新株予約権原簿registry of share optionsshare option register
審決trial decisiontrial decision; decision on appeal
振興promotionpromotion; development; advancement
審判官hearing examiner; judgehearing examiner; judge; administrative judge
審判長chief hearing examinerchief hearing examiner; chief administrative judge
尋問examinationexamination; questioning
尋問事項matters for examinationmatters for examination; matters for questioning
尋問事項書statement of matters for examinationstatement of matters for examination; statement of matters for questioning
推定するshall be presumedis presumed
することを妨げないshall not precludedoes not preclude
することを要しないshall not be required tois not required to
するものとするshallis to
するよう努めなければならないshall endeavor tomust endeavor to
正当な理由justifiable grounds; just causejust cause; legitimate grounds; reasonable grounds
前項に規定するもののほか、…は、…で定めるin addition to what is provided for in the preceding paragraph, … shall be prescribed by …in addition to what is provided for in the preceding paragraph, … is prescribed by …
船籍港port of registryport of registration
相当の理由reasonable ground; probable causeadequate grounds; probable cause
代理agency; actingagency
代理権capacity to representation; right of representation; authority of representationcapacity to represent; right to represent; authority to represent
ただし、第三者の権利を害することはできない; provided, however, that this shall not prejudice the rights of a third party; provided, however, that this may not prejudice the rights of a third party
ただし、…は、この限りでない; provided, however, that this shall not apply to …; provided, however, that this does not apply to …
中小企業small and medium sized enterprisesmall and medium-size enterprise
中小企業者small and medium sized enterprise operatorsmall and medium-size enterprise operator
懲役imprisonment with workimprisonment with required labor
問屋commission agentcommission merchant
登記register; registrationregistration
登記事項registered matter; matter to be registeredregistered information; information to be registered
登記事項証明書certificate of registered matterscertificate of registered information
登記簿registryregister
同様とするthe same shall apply tothe same applies to
登録簿registryregister
とするshall beis
届出notification; reportnotification; report; registration
届出書written notice; written report; written notificationwritten notice; written report; written notification; registration form
取次commissioningcommission
なおその効力を有するshall remain in forceremain in force
に準ずるequivalent; shall be dealt with in the same manner asequivalent; is dealt with in the same manner as
に処するshall be punished byis punished by
については、…の例によるshall be governed by …is governed by …
については、なお従前の例によるthe provisions then in force shall remain applicablethe provisions then in force remain applicable
入札bid; bidding processtender; bid; bidding process
納付金paymentpayment to the government; payment
…の規定は、…について準用するthe provision of … shall apply mutatis mutandis to …the provisions of ... apply mutatis mutandis to ...
…の規定は、…についても適用するthe provision of … shall also apply to …the provisions of … also apply to …
…は、…と解釈してはならないshall not be construed as …must not be construed as …
…は、他の法律に特別の定めのある場合を除くほか、この法律の定めるところによるshall be governed by the provisions of this Act, except as otherwise provided by other actsis governed by the provisions of this Act, except as otherwise provided by other acts
媒介mediate; (introducing) broking; (introducing) brokerage; intermediarybrokerage; intermediation
…は犯罪捜査のために認められたものと解してはならない…shall not be constructed as being granted for criminal investigation purposes…must not be construed as being granted for criminal investigation purposes
判決裁判所sentencing court; court pronouncing judgementsentencing court; court pronouncing judgment
付記登記supplemental registersupplemental registration
振替口座簿registry of book-entry accountbook-entry account
弁理士登録簿patent attorneys registrypatent attorney register
弁論準備手続preparatory proceeding(s)preparatory proceeding
弁論準備手続調書record of preparatory proceeding(s)record of preparatory proceeding
法人corporationcorporation; juridical person
みなすshall be deemedis deemed

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EntryTranslation
悪意でin bad faith; knowingly; with knowledge; maliciously; with malice
委託契約service agreement
委託するrequest; ask; delegate; entrust; consign
益金gross income
回避するavoid; withdrawal; recuse oneself
…関係Re:
起因してas a result of; caused by; resulting from
擬制deemed
揮発性有機化合物volatile organic compounds
忌避するevade; challange; demand the recusal of
基本的(事項)basic (matter); fundamental (matter)
吸収合併契約等備置開始日start date for keeping the absorption-type merger agreement documents
吸収合併消滅会社company disappearing in absorption-type merger
吸収合併存続会社company surviving absorption-type merger
共済掛金mutual aid premium
共済金mutual aid proceeds
拒絶審査不服審判appeal against (determination on) examiner's decision of rejection
金融商品仲介業(者)financial instruments intermediation service (provider)
勤労者財産形成住宅貯蓄workers' property accumulation housing savings
勤労者財産形成年金貯蓄workers' property accumulation pension savings
兼業業務concurrent business
故意intention
公益信託public trust
合理的(な)理由reasonable grounds
国税不服審判所National Tax Tribunal
国税不服審判所長President of National Tax Tribunal
サービス業service industry; service sector
事業の譲受けacquisition of a business
事項matter; information; particular
自動車排出ガスautomobile exhaust
重要(事項)material (matters)
準備手続preparatory proceeding
招集(の)通知notice of calling; convocation notice
商品先物取引commodity futures; commodity futures transaction; commodity futures trading
新設合併消滅会社company disappearing in consolidation-type merger
新設合併設立会社company incorporated in consolidation-type merger
新設分割設立会社company incorporated in incorporation-type company split
信用金庫credit union
水産業協同組合fisheries cooperative
税理士certified public tax accountant
税理士法人tax accountancy corporation
善意でin good faith; unknowingly; without knowledge
その経緯background thereto; background thereof
その法人又は人の業務に関して…をしたときは、行為者を罰するほか、その法人又は人に対して各本条の罰金刑を科するWhen an individual has done ... with regard to the business of said corporation or individual, not only is the offender punished but also said corporation or individual is punished by the fine prescribed in the respective Articles
損金(tax) deductions
宅地建物取引業real estate brokerage
宅地建物取引業者real estate broker
仲介(する)intermediation; brokerage
中小企業等協同組合small and medium-size enterprise cooperative
登記所registry; registry office
(外国人)登録原票(alian) registration card
特定金銭債権specified monetary claim
特別の法律special law
仲立人broker
に掲げる(事項)(matters) set forth in
に関連する(事項)(matters) relevant to
農業協同組合agricultural cooperative
農林中央金庫Norinchukin
ばい煙soot and smoke
廃止disestablishment
発問権right to question
評価益revaluation gain
評価損revaluation loss
婦人補導院women's guidance home
返戻金refund
補正却下決定不服審判appeal against (determination on) dismissal of request for correction
無尽業mutual financing business
漏えいdisclosure; divulgation
労働金庫workers' credit union bank

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EntryAfter revision
悪臭(削除)
悪臭原因物(削除)
悪臭物質(削除)
安全(削除)
安全委員会(削除)
安全衛生委員会(削除)
安全衛生改善計画(削除)
安全衛生管理者(削除)
安全衛生推進者(削除)
安全衛生責任者(削除)
安全管理者(削除)
委員(削除)
委員長(削除)
育成者権者(削除)
移行(削除)
維持(削除)
移住者(削除)
移植(削除)
遺跡(削除)
一時保護事業(削除)
一請求項につき(削除)
一件につき(削除)
意図的な導入(削除)
営む(削除)
依頼者(削除)
引火性(削除)
印刷(削除)
失う(削除)
疑う(削除)
宇宙(削除)
写し(削除)
埋立て(削除)
売主(削除)
運転(削除)
運搬(削除)
運輸(削除)
影響(削除)
演説(削除)
延長(削除)
応援(削除)
応急措置(削除)
応急対策(削除)
買受人(削除)
解決(削除)
外国語書面(削除)
開催する(削除)
改善(削除)
会則(削除)
会長(削除)
回答(削除)
買取り(削除)
買主(削除)
開発(削除)
回復(削除)
概要(削除)
科学技術(削除)
拡散(削除)
学術研究(削除)
確定申告書(削除)
確答(削除)
確立(削除)
価値(削除)
家畜(削除)
家畜改良センター(削除)
加重(削除)
活用(削除)
過程(削除)
家庭用機器(削除)
借り受ける(削除)
勘案(削除)
姦淫(削除)
環境(削除)
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完結(削除)
観測(削除)
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機会(削除)
危害(削除)
危険(削除)
帰国(削除)
機能(削除)
規模(削除)
基本方針(削除)
基本理念(削除)
救援(削除)
休業給付基礎日額(削除)
休業補償給付(削除)
供給(削除)
教習機関(削除)
行状(削除)
共助刑(削除)
共助犯罪(削除)
競争(削除)
競争関係(削除)
競争試験(削除)
競争者(削除)
共同して(削除)
協力(削除)
虚偽行為(削除)
金額(削除)
組入金(削除)
経験(削除)
経済事情(削除)
芸術(削除)
芸術家(削除)
形状(削除)
形成(削除)
継続勤務(削除)
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啓発(削除)
警報(削除)
結合(削除)
原因(削除)
減額(削除)
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健康管理手帳(削除)
健康障害(削除)
健康診断(削除)
現在(削除)
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減少(削除)
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建設物(削除)
建築(削除)
現地調査(削除)
限度(削除)
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原票(削除)
効果(削除)
合格(削除)
合計額(削除)
工事(削除)
交渉(削除)
向上(削除)
工場(削除)
構成員(削除)
構造(削除)
公訴事実の同一性(削除)
交通(削除)
行程(削除)
工程(削除)
購入(削除)
候補者(削除)
合理化(削除)
効率(削除)
顧客(削除)
個体(削除)
娯楽(削除)
根拠(削除)
災害(削除)
最高限度額(削除)
最小限度(削除)
再生債務者等(削除)
最先(削除)
栽培試験(削除)
裁判国(削除)
採用(削除)
採用候補者名簿(削除)
材料(削除)
作業(削除)
作業環境測定(削除)
削減(削除)
削減基本方針(削除)
削減計画(削除)
削減目標量(削除)
参画(削除)
産業(削除)
参考(削除)
産前産後(削除)
産物(削除)
残余(削除)
参与する(削除)
試運転(削除)
支援(削除)
仕事(削除)
自主回収(削除)
自主検査(削除)
自主性(削除)
自主的(削除)
事情(削除)
史跡(削除)
事前(削除)
自然環境(削除)
自然環境学習(削除)
事態(削除)
実現(削除)
質問(削除)
自発的(削除)
耳標(削除)
占める(削除)
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集合(削除)
集取(削除)
収集(削除)
修正(削除)
修繕(削除)
住宅(削除)
住宅資金貸付契約(削除)
住宅資金貸付債権(削除)
住宅資金特別条項(削除)
住宅約定利息(削除)
周知する(削除)
周知の(削除)
修得(削除)
周波数(削除)
重要な(削除)
修理(削除)
重量(削除)
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受験手数料(削除)
趣旨(削除)
受信(削除)
手段(削除)
出国(削除)
出生(削除)
出席(削除)
出展(削除)
出版(削除)
取得(削除)
手法(削除)
需要(削除)
種類(削除)
順序(削除)
準備(削除)
仕様(削除)
飼養(削除)
使用済(削除)
使用制限(削除)
衝突(削除)
昇任(削除)
情報(削除)
商法若しくは会社法の規定による留置権(削除)
奨励(削除)
除外(削除)
職場環境(削除)
食品供給(削除)
植物(削除)
助言(削除)
所定労働時間(削除)
処理施設(削除)
書類(削除)
資料(削除)
飼料(削除)
人員(削除)
信号(削除)
人材(削除)
真正(削除)
身体(削除)
進捗状況(削除)
浸透(削除)
振動(削除)
人道的(削除)
人命(削除)
信用(削除)
信頼関係(削除)
水準(削除)
推進(削除)
生育地(削除)
成果(削除)
生活(削除)
生活上の本拠(削除)
政策(削除)
製作者(削除)
政策方針(削除)
生産者(削除)
生息(削除)
制度(削除)
正当性(削除)
性能(削除)
性能検査(削除)
製品(削除)
生物(削除)
生物検査(削除)
生物検査命令(削除)
生物多様性影響評価書(削除)
生命(削除)
責任制限手続(削除)
接近した(削除)
設計(削除)
摂取(削除)
接続(削除)
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説明書(削除)
宣誓する(削除)
選択(削除)
騒音(削除)
総額(削除)
増減(削除)
総合的(削除)
相互の(削除)
総債権(削除)
創作(削除)
創出(削除)
増進(削除)
創造(削除)
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相当の対価(削除)
相場(削除)
総量(削除)
総量規制基準(削除)
阻害(削除)
促進(削除)
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測量(削除)
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組織(削除)
組成(削除)
速記(削除)
卒業(削除)
速記録(削除)
その(削除)
その法人又は人の業務に関して…をしたときは、行為者を罰するほか、その法人又は人に対して各本条の罰金刑を科する(削除)
損益計算(削除)
存在(削除)
損傷(削除)
尊重(削除)
退会(削除)
大気(削除)
耐久性(削除)
退去する(削除)
代金(削除)
胎児(削除)
退社(削除)
対照(削除)
貸与(削除)
貸与権(削除)
多額(削除)
択一的(削除)
堕胎(削除)
奪取(削除)
脱退(削除)
短期(削除)
地位(削除)
畜産(削除)
知見(削除)
知識(削除)
遅滞(削除)
着手(削除)
注文者(削除)
長期(削除)
貯蓄金(削除)
陳列(削除)
追加(削除)
通過護送(削除)
通過上陸(削除)
通行禁止(削除)
通話(削除)
積込(削除)
締結(削除)
締結する(削除)
邸宅(削除)
摘出(削除)
適性(削除)
点検(削除)
展示(削除)
電池(削除)
天然記念物(削除)
添付(削除)
同一又は類似(削除)
統括者(削除)
等級(削除)
統計報告(削除)
謄写(削除)
同等の(削除)
逃亡(削除)
投融資指針(削除)
道路(削除)
道路交通振動(削除)
毒物(削除)
とさつ(削除)
土壌(削除)
土地(削除)
取調べ状況(削除)
入会(削除)
入港(削除)
妊産婦(削除)
燃焼(削除)
年少者(削除)
燃料(削除)
能率的(削除)
能力(削除)
廃液(削除)
ばい煙(削除)
売却(削除)
敗訴(削除)
配達(削除)
売買する(削除)
配慮(削除)
破壊(削除)
爆発(削除)
発意(削除)
発掘(削除)
発達(削除)
発注(削除)
発展(削除)
反映(削除)
引換え(削除)
備考(削除)
筆跡(削除)
必要最小限度(削除)
必要性(削除)
避難(削除)
(削除)
評価(削除)
標準(削除)
平等(削除)
肥料(削除)
日割(削除)
品質(削除)
品種(削除)
負荷(削除)
不可欠(削除)
普及(削除)
福祉(削除)
附従性(削除)
負傷(削除)
不誠実(削除)
附属品(削除)
部隊(削除)
不適任(削除)
父母(削除)
不利な(削除)
付和随行(する)(削除)
文化芸術(削除)
分割(削除)
分析(削除)
分担(削除)
分離(削除)
分類(削除)
返還(削除)
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防止(削除)
防止措置(削除)
方針(削除)
法的意見(削除)
報道(削除)
補完(削除)
保持(削除)
補充(削除)
補助(削除)
保全(削除)
保全措置(削除)
保存(削除)
埋蔵物(削除)
紛らわしい(削除)
抹消(削除)
密接な(削除)
見直し(削除)
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民主的(削除)
民俗(削除)
銘柄(削除)
明細書(削除)
明示(削除)
名勝(削除)
名誉(削除)
免状(削除)
目標(削除)
目録(削除)
約束する(削除)
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有害な(削除)
有限責任組合(削除)
猶予(削除)
猶予期間(削除)
譲り受ける(削除)
輸送(削除)
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容積率(削除)
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要約書(削除)
抑止(削除)
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予防(削除)
離脱(削除)
理由書(削除)
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類似の(削除)
類する(削除)
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連絡(削除)
連絡調整(削除)
労働(削除)
朗読する(削除)
録音(削除)

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EntryBefore revisionAfter revision
言渡しrenditionsentencing; rendering; pronouncement; rendering
異議のある債権denied claim; disputed claimdisputed claim
著しい損害又は遅滞substantial harm or delayextreme harm or delay
委任事務entrusted businessdelegated business
売付けsaleselling
外国法人foreign juridical personforeign corporation
監査証明audit and certificationaudit certification
教唆inducementabetment; solicitation; inducement
教唆者person who inducesabettor
金品money and/or goodsmoney and goods
公債government bondpublic bond
恒常的permanentconstant; permanent
国際登録簿international registerinternational registry
告訴complaintaccusation
国内登録検査機関domestic registered conformity assessment bodydomestic registered conformity inspection body
固定資産fixed assetfixed assets
資金決済settlementfund settlement
施行の日the date on which the law comes into effectthe date on which the Act comes into effect
事務管理management without mandatebenevolent intervention in another's affairs
釈明権authority to ask for explanationauthority to ask for clarification
釈明処分disposition for explanationorder for clarification
出版権right of publicationpublication right; publishing right
需要者consumer; usercustomer; user
常時使用する従業員regularly used employeeregularly hired employee
人格のない社団又は財団association or foundation without juridical personalityassociation or foundation without legal personality
心裡留保manifestation without true intentionmental reservation
清算法人juridical person in liquidationcorporation under liquidation
成立establishment; execution; incorporation; effect; formationestablishment; incorporation; effect; formation
代理行為agent's actact of agency
短期借入金short-term borrowingshort-term borrowings
単独行為unilateral juristic actunilateral juridical act
担保権security interestsecurity right
担保権の実行exercise of security interestexercise of security right
担保権の消滅extinguishment of security interestextinguishment of security right
町村役場town/village officetown hall
通常実施権non-exclusive registered right to workordinary right to work
通常実施権者holder of non-exclusive registered right to workholder of ordinary right to work
通常生ずべき損失(…から)loss ordinary incurred from (by)loss ordinarily incurred from (by)
通常利用権non-exclusive exploitation rightordinary exploitation right
登録申請者applicantregistration applicant
特定物specified thingsspecified things; identified goods
取次intermediarycommissioning
入札bidbid; bidding process
…の規定に違反して…した者any person who, in violation of …, has done …any person who, in violation of …、 has done …
媒介mediate; (introducing) broking; (introducing) brokerage; commissioning; intermediarymediate; (introducing) broking; (introducing) brokerage; intermediary
判決裁判所court rendering judgmentsentencing court; court pronouncing judgement
被申立担保権者the designated security interest holderthe designated security right holder
不特定物unspecified thingsunspecified things; unidentified goods
不法原因給付performance for illegal/unlawful reasonsperformance for illegal cause
Act; Code; LawAct; Code; law
法人juridical personcorporation
法人格juridical personalitylegal personality
法人たる事業者juridical person business operator; juridical person entrepreneurbusiness operator as a corporation
法人でない社団又は財団association or foundation that (which) is not a juridical personunincorporated association or foundation
法律Act; Codelaw; Act; Code
保管するretainhold in custody; keep in custody; retain
保全異議objection to temporary restraining orderobjection to provisional remedy
保全抗告appeal pertaining to temporary restraining orderappeal pertaining to provisional remedy
保全執行execution of a temporary restraining orderexecution of provisional remedy
保全処分temporary restraining orderprovisional order
保全取消しrevocation of temporary restraining orderrevocation of provisional remedy
保全命令temporary restraining orderorder for provisional remedy
保存するtake custody of; keeppreserve; take custody of; keep
object; thing; article; propertyobject; thing; article; property; goods
有効期間validity period; effective periodvalidity period; effective period; validity
優先的破産債権priority/preferred bankruptcy claimpriority bankruptcy claim
流動化securitizationsecuritization; liquidation; liquidity enhancement

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EntryTranslation
青色事業専従者family employees of a blue return taxpayer
青色申告(書)blue return
一時所得occasional income
一般に公正妥当と認められる企業会計の基準business accounting standards generally accepted as fair and appropriate
印鑑seal impression
受取手形negotiable instrument receivable
売上原価cost of sales
売掛金accounts receivable
営業外収益non-operating revenues
営業外費用non-operating expenses
営業損失operating loss
営業利益operating profit
延滞税tax on delinquency
買掛金accounts payable
外国人登録原票alien registration card
開発費development expenses
確定申告(書)tax return
貸倒引当金allowance for doubtful accounts
課税所得taxable income
課税標準tax base
加入者保護信託beneficiary protection trust
株式交付費stock issuance expenses
株主資本shareholders' equity
機械装置machinery and equipment
給与所得salary income
強制換価手続compulsory realization procedure
業務operations; business; duties
金銭信託money trust
偶発債務contingent liability
繰延資産deferred assets
繰延税金資産deferred tax assets
繰延税金負債deferred tax liabilities
繰延ヘッジ損益deferred gains or losses on hedges
繰戻し(純損失の)carry back
計上額the amount reported
経常損失ordinary loss
契約金signing bonus
減価償却資産depreciable assets
建設仮勘定construction in progress
減損損失impairment loss
源泉徴収税withholding tax
源泉徴収票withholding certificate
公益財団法人public interest incorporated foundation
公益社団法人public interest incorporated association
恒久的施設permanent establishment
公共職業安定所public employment security office
公社債public and corporate bond
控除項目deduction (item)
控除対象配偶者spouse qualified for tax deduction
構築物structures
合同運用信託jointly operated trust
国内源泉所得domestic source income
固定負債fixed liabilities
雇用対策employment measures
再雇用rehire
再就職re-employment
採石権quarrying right
先物取引futures transactions
雑所得miscellaneous income
雑損失miscellaneous loss
山林forest
山林所得timber income
仕掛品work in progress
時価market value
事業所得business income
自己の計算においてon one's own account
資産除去債務asset retirement obligation
支払調書certificate of remuneration payment
支払手形negotiable instrument payable
資本剰余金capital surplus
社債発行費(company) bond issuance expenses
修正申告(書)amended return
住民税inhabitants tax
純損失net loss
譲渡所得capital gain
職業指導vocational guidance
生活の本拠principal place of life
税引前当期純損失net loss before taxes
税引前当期純利益net profit before taxes
性風俗特殊営業business specializing in entertainment of a sexual nature
税務署長district director of the tax office
宣誓(する)swear; (take an) oath
総合課税(所得税の)tax on aggregate income
創立費organization expenses
総量規制total emission control
退職所得retirement income
たな卸資産inventory
短期社債short term bond
地積area of land
地目category of land
長期借入金long-term borrowings
貯蔵品supplies
直近上位機関immediate superior institution
店頭売買有価証券over-the-counter traded securities
登記事項証明書certificate of registered matters
当期純損失current net loss
当期純利益current net profit
同族会社family company
特別損失extraordinary loss
特別利益extraordinary profit
内国法人domestic corporation
…において読み替えて準用する…の規定the provision of …, as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to … after deemed replacement,
納税義務者taxpayer
配当所得dividend income
販売費selling expenses
非永住者non-permanent resident
非課税tax exemption
批准ratification
評価・換算差額等valuation and translation adjustments
風俗営業adult entertainment business
付従性accessoriness
附帯税penalty tax
不動産所得real property income
扶養控除deduction for dependents
扶養親族dependent relative
分離課税separate taxation
変動所得fluctuating income
法人課税信託trust subject to corporation taxation
保健師public health nurse
無形固定資産intangible fixed assets
有価証券届出書securities registration statement
有形固定資産tangible fixed assets
予定納税estimated tax prepayment
読替えreplacement of a term (terms)
利益剰余金retained earnings
利子所得interest income
流動資産current assets
流動負債current liabilities
臨時所得ad hoc income

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ver 6.0 → ver 7.0
Changed or deleted entries
EntryAfter revision
仮拘禁許可状(削除)
国の行政機関(削除)

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Added, changed or deleted translations
EntryBefore revisionAfter revision
委託entrustment; consignmententrustment; consignment; delegation
姻族relative by affinityaffinity; relatives by marriage
受入受刑者incoming sentenced inmateincoming sentenced person
監査法人auditing firmaudit corporation
監査役設置会社company with auditorscompany with company auditors
企業者entrepreneurenterprise operator
吸収分割absorption-type splitabsorption-type company split
吸収分割会社splitting company in absorption-type splitsplitting company in absorption-type company split
吸収分割契約absorption-type split agreementabsorption-type company split agreement
吸収分割承継会社successor company in absorption-type splitsuccessor company in absorption-type company split
救助rescue; aidrescue; aid; salvage
給付performance; payment; delivery; benefitperformance; payment; delivery; benefit; distribution
業務執行者person who executes (the) businessperson who executes (the) business; executive
緊急避難avoidance of clear and present danger; emergency evacuationnecessity; emergency evacuation
高年齢者elderly personsenior citizen
公布の日the day of promulgationthe date of promulgation
公務員public officergovernment employee
国家公務員national public officer; national civil servant; national public servantnational government employee
この法律において、次の各号に掲げる用語の意義は、当該各号に定めるところによるin this Act, the meanings of the terms listed in the following items shall be as prescribed respectively in those itemsin this Act, the meanings of the terms set forth in the following items shall be as prescribed respectively in those items
裁判上又は裁判外の行為acts in or out of courtjudicial or extra-judicial act
裁判手続court decision proceeding(s)judicial proceeding; court proceeding
指図債権instrument payable to orderdebt instrument payable to order
受刑者sentenced inmatesentenced person
譲渡性預金certificate of depositnegotiable certificate of deposit
水産業fisheryfisheries
設定establishmentestablishment; creation
船舶所有者ship ownershipowner; ship owner
即時取得immediate acquisition (of ownership)bona fide acquisition
訴訟suitlitigation
訴訟手続court proceeding(s)litigation proceeding
即決裁判手続expedited trial procedureexpedited trial proceeding
損害保険casualty insurancenon-life insurance
地方公務員local public officerlocal government employee
に掲げる事項matters listed inmatters set forth in
に掲げるもののほかin addition to what is listed inin addition to what is set forth in
認証certificationcertification; approval; accreditation
認定するcertify; approve; accreditcertify; approve
被収容者inmate; sentenced inmate; unsentenced inmates; detaineeinmate; sentenced person; unsentenced detainee; detainee
保険給付insurance benefitpayment of insurance proceeds
保険契約insurance contractinsurance policy; insurance contract
無記名債権bearer certificate of claimdebt instrument payable to bearer

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Added entries
EntryTranslation
委付(する)abandonment (abandon)
印鑑登録seal registration
営利企業enterprise for profit
営利事業business for profit
海員crew member
解雇dismissal
介護福祉士certified care worker
確定申告書tax return form
貸付信託loan trust
過疎地域underpopulated area
貨物引換証inland bill of lading
仮拘禁provisional detention
監査証明audit and certification
還付加算金interest on tax refund
期間の定めのある労働契約fixed-term labor contract
起業者entrepreneur
救助料salvage charge
共済契約mutual aid contract
共同海損general average
漁業fishing industry
拒絶証書protest
禁錮以上の刑に処せられた者a person who has been sentenced to imprisonment or severer punishment
国の機関national government organ
軍属the civilian military
軽車両light vehicle
下水道sewerage system; sewer drain
原子力損害nuclear damage
源泉徴収withholding (at source)
原動機付自転車motorized bicycle
合議制council system
口座管理機関account management institution
高齢者elderly person
小型武器small arms and light weapons
国内受刑者domestic sentenced person
債権質pledge on claim; pledge of claim
施行の日the date on which the law comes into effect
肢体不自由者physically disabled person
社会福祉士certified social worker
宗教法人religious corporation
住民票residence certificate
受益権beneficial interest
出向secondment
衝突collision
商品取引所commodity exchange
新設合併設立株式会社stock company established by consolidation-type merger
身体虚弱者constitutionally weak person
信託契約trust agreement
信託行為act of trust; terms of trust
善意取得bona fide acquisition
船籍港port of registry
船長captain
船舶共有者part owner of a ship
租鉱権mining lease right
短時間労働者part-time worker
知的障害者intellectually disabled person
特定specified; special; specific
特定目的会社specified purpose company
特定目的信託specified purpose trust
特別目的会社special purpose company
土地改良事業land improvement project
土地区画整理事業land rezoning project
農地agricultural land
…は犯罪捜査のために認められたものと解してはならない…shall not be constructed as being granted for criminal investigation purposes
不動産鑑定士real estate appraiser
振替book-entry
振替口座簿registry of book-entry account
保険金insurance proceeds
保険契約者policyholder
保険事故insured event
保険料insurance premium
抹消cancellation
傭船者charterer
落札者successful bidder
領海territorial waters

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ver 5.0 → ver 6.0
Changed or deleted entries
EntryAfter revision
あらかじめ(deleted)
委員会(deleted)
介護補償給付(deleted)
開始(deleted)
欠くことのできない(deleted)
活動(deleted)
仮解除(deleted)
仮出獄(deleted)
仮退院中の者(deleted)
帰属(deleted)
救護(deleted)
給与(deleted)
刑名(deleted)
検定(deleted)
公共的施設公共施設
更生緊急保護(deleted)
更生保護事業(deleted)
更生保護施設(deleted)
指示(deleted)
事務所(deleted)
指名(deleted)
収受収受する
常勤の(deleted)
状態(deleted)
所管換え(deleted)
処遇(deleted)
所在地(deleted)
伝達(deleted)
認定を受けて(deleted)
廃止(deleted)
補導援護(deleted)

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Added, changed or deleted translations
EntryBefore revision After revision
介護carenursing care;elderly care
介護休業family care leavenursing care leave
下級の裁判所lower courtlower instance court
各種学校miscellaneous educational institutionmiscellaneous school
過料non-penal finenon-criminal fine
危険物dangerous goodsdangerous goods;hazardous materials
共助assistanceassistance;mutual legal assistance
緊急避難avoidance of clear and present dangeravoidance of clear and present danger;emergency evacuation
公益事業public welfare undertakingpublic welfare undertaking;public benefit service
高等専修学校upper secondary vocational schoolupper secondary specialized training school
裁判権jurisdictionjurisdiction;power of judicial decision
事業者business operator; entrepreneur;employerbusiness operator;enterprise; entrepreneur;employer
所管jurisdictionadministrative jurisdiction
処分の取消しの訴えaction for rescission of a dispositionaction for revocation of original administrative disposition
専修学校vocational schoolspecialized training college
専門学校vocational collegeprofessional training college
当分の間for the time beinguntil otherwise provided for by law
法廷courtcourt;tribunal
約款contractgeneral conditions

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Added entries
EntryTranslation
委託者指図型投資信託investment trust with settlor's instructions
委託者非指図型投資信託investment trust without settlor's instructions
一般財団法人general incorporated foundation
医薬部外品quasi-pharmaceutical products
介護保険nursing care insurance
介護保険施設nursing care insurance facilities
下級審lower instance court
加算税penalty tax
割賦販売installment sales
機関訴訟interagency action
企業組合enterprise cooperatives
基準外国為替相場base exchange rate
忌避する(検査を)evade (inspection)
義務教育compulsory education
義務付けの訴えmandamus action
協業組合cooperative partnerships
業務規程operational rules
区分経理separate accounting
検案postmortem examination
検疫所quarantine station
減価償却depreciation;amortization
原告適格standing to sue
建ぺい率building coverage ratio
抗告訴訟action for judicial review of administrative disposition
高等専門学校college of technology
国民審査national referendum
裁決の取消しの訴えaction for revocation of administrative disposition on appeal
再審査請求request for re-examination
裁判官会議judicial assembly
裁判所調査官judicial research official
市街化区域urbanization promotion area
市街化調整区域urbanization control area
市街地開発事業urban development project
事業協同小組合small business cooperative
事業所管大臣competent minister for the business
私募private placement
司法修習生legal apprentice
借地権land leasehold right
重加算税additional penalty tax
収支計算書income and expenditure statement
収用condemnation
受益証券beneficiary certificates
受給権right to receive benefits
受給資格recipient qualification
上級審upper instance court
証券投資信託securities investment trust
商工会commercial and industrial association
商工会議所chamber of commerce and industry
商工組合commercial and industrial partnerships
常時使用する従業員regularly used employee
譲渡性預金certificate of deposit
傷病手当injury and disease allowance
小法廷petty bench
私立学校private school
審査請求request for administrative review;request for examination
清算機関clearing organization
訴訟suit
損害賠償額の予定liquidated damages
対外直接投資outward direct investment
対内直接投資inward direct investment
大法廷grand bench
担保金security deposit
地方債local government bond
地方分権decentralization
通常生ずべき損失(…から)loss ordinary incurred from (by)
適合命令order to comply
電気事業electricity business
当事者訴訟public law related action
投資信託委託会社settlor company of investment trust
投資法人investment corporation
特定資産specified assets
特に必要があると認めるfind particularly necessary
毒物toxic substance
都市再開発urban redevelopment
取消訴訟action for revocation of administrative disposition
認定するcertify;approve;accredit
非訟事件non-contentious case
秘密保持義務duty of confidentiality
副検事assistant public prosecutor
賦払金installment (amount)
保証guarantee
保税地域bonded area
本人確認identity verification
身分引継ぎ(職員の)succession of status (as an official)
民衆訴訟citizen action
容積率floor-area ratio
用途地域use districts
流動化securitization
両罰規定dual criminal liability provision

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ver 4.1 → ver 5.0
Changed or deleted entries
EntryAfter revision
破産手続開始(deleted)
破産手続開始の原因(deleted)
破産手続参加(deleted)
破産手続終結の決定(deleted)
破産手続廃止(deleted)

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Added, changed or deleted translations
EntryBefore revision After revision
委託者consignor;settlorconsignor;settlor;entrustor
厚生年金employee's pension insurance;employee's pensionemployees pension insurance;employees pension
債権claim;(account) receivable;creditclaim;(account) receivable;credit;right in personam
財産上の利益property benefiteconomic benefit
受託者trustee;consigneetrustee;consignee;entrustee
成立establishment;execution; incorporation;effectestablishment;execution; incorporation;effect;formation
専門学校vocational training schoolvocational college
廃止abolition;repeal;discontinueabolition;repeal; discontinue;cessation
夫婦財産marital propertymatrimonial property

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Added entries
EntryTranslation
明渡しvacation;eviction
一般社団法人general incorporated association
買受可能価額minimum purchase price
各種学校miscellaneous educational institution
隔離isolation
間接強制indirect compulsory execution
還付refund
救急業務ambulance service
強行規定mandatory provision
共済年金mutual aid pension
強制管理compulsory administration
強制競売compulsory auction
行政事件訴訟administrative case litigation
供託所official depository
居住者resident
規律discipline
現業government enterprise
行為地place of the act
公課public charges
抗告裁判所a court in charge of an appeal
抗告人appellant
公衆public
高等専修学校upper secondary vocational school
高年齢者elderly person
固定資産税fixed asset tax
財産上の不正な利益unlawful economic benefit
差押禁止seizure-prohibition
失効lapse;expiration
執行異議objection to a disposition of execution
執行決定execution order
執行抗告appeal against a disposition of execution
執行裁判所execution court
執行証書execution deed
執行判決execution judgment
社会復帰re-integration into society
循環型社会recycling society
準拠法applicable law;governing law
遵守事項matters to be observed;condition(s)
障害disability;impediment
障害基礎年金disability basic pension
障害手当金disability allowance
情を知ってknowingly
職員official
職業紹介employment placement
職業能力vocational ability
処分の取消しの訴えaction for rescission of a disposition
自立支援self -reliance support
信用trust/confidence/reputation;credit
専修学校vocational school
船舶国籍証書certificate of the vessel's nationality
占有移転transfer of possession
組織的な犯罪organized crime
代替執行execution by substitute
滞納処分disposition of delinquency
担保不動産競売secured real property auction
適性aptitude
転付命令assignment order
登記事項registered matter;matter to be registered
登録免許税registration and license tax
特徴的な給付characteristic performance
特定施設specified facility
特定独立行政法人specified incorporated administrative agency
取立訴訟collection law suit
認定を受けてcertified;approved
売却基準価額reference sale price
配当異議opposition to distribution
配当要求distribution demand
破産手続bankruptcy proceeding(s)
犯罪収益crime proceeds
反対給付counter-performance
引換えexchange
非居住者non-resident
引渡命令delivery order
日雇労働者day worker
標準報酬(月額)amount of standard (monthly) remuneration
物件item;object
付与grant
保安safety
法定受託事務statutory entrusted function
暴力団organized crime group
保険者insurer
保護者custodian
保全異議objection to temporary restraining order
保全抗告appeal pertaining to temporary restraining order
保全執行execution of a temporary restraining order
保全取消しrevocation of temporary restraining order
保全命令temporary restraining order
みなし賃金日額deemed daily wage amount
民事保全civil preservation
最も密接な関係があるmost closely connected with
養護protective care
養子縁組adoption
労役場workhouse
労働審判labor tribunal decision
録音sound recording

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ver 4.0 → ver 4.1
Change the translation
EntryBefore revisionAfter revision
前条immediately preceding article;the preceding article;immediately preceding Article;the preceding Article;
Change the example
EntryBefore revisionAfter revision
提出direction to subimit written answerdirection to submit written answer

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ver 3.0 → ver 4.0
Changed or deleted entries
EntryAfter revision
貸席(deleted)
管理換え(deleted)
管理権(deleted)
基本計画(deleted)
講習(deleted)
講習機関(deleted)
参与参与する
独立国立大学法人国立大学法人
分割払いの定め(deleted)

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Added, changed or deleted translations
EntryBefore revisionAfter revision
悪意の(で)with knowledge;knowingly;in bad faithwith knowledge;knowingly;in bad faith;maliciously;with malice
著しい損害又は遅滞substantial detriment or delaysubstantial harm or delay
一括売却package (blanket) saledisposal by a sale en bloc
違反調査investigation into violationsinvestigation into violation
姻族relative through marriagerelative by affinity
隠滅destruction;spoilationdestruction;spoliation
埋立てreclamationreclamation;landfill
外貨建債券bond in foreign currencya foreign currency denominated bond
監護custody;caring forcustody;care
監査auditaudit;inspection
期間の経過後after the passage of a period (of time);after the expiration of period (of time)after the passage of a period (of time);after the expiration of a period (of time)
期間の計算computation of period of timecomputation of a period of time
議定書附属書annexannex (to protocol)
求償権right to obtain reimbursement;exoneration;remedy overright to reimbursement;right to indemnification;right to remedy over
行政措置administrative measuresadministrative measure
共有coownershipco-ownership
共有者coownersco-owners
共有物property in coownershipproperty in co-ownership
共有物の分割partition of property in coownershippartition of property in co-ownership
緊急避難aversion of clear and present dangeravoidance of clear and present danger
勤務条件working condition;conditions of workworking terms and conditions
組合partnership;union;associationpartnership;union;member
組入金the money deducted from the proceeds and added to the estatemoney deducted from proceeds and added to the estate
決済settlement;payments;clearingsettlement;payment;clearing
決算期accounting periodaccounting period;fiscal year end
原作品originaloriginal work(s)
検証view;inspectionobservation;inspection
建設業construction industryconstruction industry;construction business
建設物buildingbuilding;structures
原判決judgment of prior instancejudgment in prior instance
権利変動の対抗要件requirements of perfection of changes in rightsrequirements for perfection of change in rights
公安public securitypublic security;public safety
公益委員public memberpublic interest member
後見開始の審判order for commencement of guardianshipruling for commencement of guardianship
交互計算current accountopen account
国際規制物資international controlled materialinternationally controlled material
この法律は、…から施行するthis Act shall come into effect as from …this Act shall come into effect as of …
債権claim;obligation-right;creditclaim;(account) receivable;credit
催告demand;notice;requisitiondemand;notice;requisition;demand letter
再審開始の決定ruling for commencement of retrialorder of commencement of retrial
再生手続終結termination of the rehabilitation proceedingtermination of the rehabilitation proceeding(s)
再生手続終了close of the rehabilitation proceedingclose of the rehabilitation proceeding(s)
再生手続廃止discontinuance of rehabilitation proceedingdiscontinuance of rehabilitation proceeding(s)
財団債権claim of the estate(estate claim)claim of the estate (estate claim)
再犯repeated conviction;second convictionrepeat conviction;second conviction
裁判上又は裁判外の行為act in or out of courtacts in or out of court
債務の減免reduction and release of debtsreduction or release of debts
指図債権debt payable to orderinstrument payable to order
資金決済settlement of fundssettlement
執行行為acts of executionact of execution
出願公開laying open of applicationpublication of application
出願品種applied varietyapplied plant variety
循環資源recyclable resourcescirculative resources
準共有quasi- coownershipquasi-co-ownership
準備的口頭弁論preliminary oral proceeding(s)preliminary oral arguments
上訴権回復restoration of appeal rightsrestoration of appeal right
譲渡者transferrer;assigner;conveyor;disposertransferor;assignor;conveyor
商法若しくは会社法の規定による留置権rights of retention provided for in the provisions of Commercial Code or Companies Actrights of retention provided for in the provisions of the Commercial Code or the Companies Act
職務発明employee's inventionemployee invention
職階制position classificationposition classification plan
書面尋問production of statements in lieu of examinationsubmission of written statements in lieu of examination
知れている債権者known creditorsknown creditor
生活上の本拠the principal place where a person livesprincipal place of residence
生存に必要な保護protection necessary for lifeprotection necessary for survival
選定者selector;appointerappointing party
船舶発生廃棄物汚染防止規程shipboard waste pollution prevention provisionsshipboard waste pollution prevention regulations
専門委員expert adviser;technical advisor;experts committeeexpert advisor;technical advisor;experts committee member
送信可能化権right of making transmittableright to make transmittable
贓物property obtained through a crime against propertyproperty obtained through a crime
相隣関係neighboring relationshipsneighboring relationship
訴訟手続の中止suspension of court proceeding(s) on the ground of impossibility and difficulty of procedural actions by court;suspension of court proceeding(s)suspension of court proceeding(s)
訴訟の目的subject-matter of suitsubject matter of suit
対抗するperfect duly assert againstperfect;duly assert against
対抗要件requirement to duly assert against third parties;perfection requirementrequirement for perfection;requirement to duly assert against third parties
代表権authority of representationright to represent
代物弁済substitute performanceaccord and satisfaction;substitute performance
代理権authority of representationcapacity to representation;right of representation;authority of representation
単元株式数share unitshare unit number
単元未満株式share less than one (share) unitshare less than one unit
担保権の実行exercise of the security interestexercise of security interest
担保権の消滅extinguishment of security interestsextinguishment of security interest
地役権者easement holderservitude holder
地方独立行政法人local independent administrative agencylocal incorporated administrative agency
地方文化財local cultural assetslocal cultural property
帳簿bookbooks
抵当不動産mortgaged immovablemortgaged real property
転質sub pledgesubpledge;re-pledge
同居の親族relative living togetherrelatives living together
独立行政法人independent administrative agencyincorporated administrative agency
取戻権rights of segregationright of segregation
認知acknowledgmentacknowledgment of paternity;filiation
破産債権者bankruptcy creditorsbankruptcy creditor
否認権の行使exercise of rights of avoidanceexercise of right of avoidance
物上保証人third party mortgagor;third party pledgorthird party mortgagor;accommodation mortgagor;third party pledgor;accommodation pledgor
扶養義務duty to supportduty to support;maintenance obligation
不利益disadvantagedetriment;disadvantage
妨害interference;hindrance; obstruction;disturbanceinterference;hindrance;obstruction; disturbance;impede
保佐監督人supervisor of the curatorsupervisor of curator
補助監督人supervisor of the assistantsupervisor of assistant
補助参加assisting interventionsupporting intervention
補助参加人assisting intervenersupporting intervener
本案判決judgment on meritsjudgment on the merits
無罪not guilty;innocentnot guilty;innocent;acquittal
有効期間valid period;effective periodvalidity period;effective period
要旨gistgist;digest
予告通知advance notice of filing an actionadvance notice (of filing of an action)
予備費reserve fundsreserve fund
履行期time of performancetime of performance;performance period;due date for performance
臨時計算書類temporary financial statementsprovisional financial statements
臨時決算日temporary account closing dayprovisional account closing date
労働条件working conditionworking conditions
和解に代わる決定ruling in lieu of settlementorder in lieu of settlement

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Added entries
EntryTranslation
主登記principal register
診療medical care
前項に規定するもののほか、…は、…で定めるin addition to what is provided for in the preceding paragraph, … shall be prescribed by …
代金charge;purchase money;purchase price;proceeds
取り消すことができる(行為)voidable
付記登記supplemental register
不適任unsuitable

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ver 2.0 → ver 3.0
Changed or deleted entries
Entry After revision Remarks
回避(裁判官の) 回避 「裁判官の回避」以外の訳 recusal を追加.
海洋 海洋(の) 訳語に oceansea を追加.
擬制 擬制(…の擬制)
業務 (deleted) 一般名詞のため.なお,「業務上」は辞書にある.
虚偽 虚偽(の)
職権で 職権で(職権により) 訳語に sua sponteby one's authority を追加
整理手続 (deleted) 代わりに「期日間整理手続」,「公判前整理手続」を追加.
…の翌日から起算して …の日の翌日から起算して 訳語に commencing from the day following the date of を追加.
不実記載 不実の記載・不実記載 一つの見出しに統合.
不実の記載 不実の記載・不実記載 一つの見出しに統合.
付和随行 付和随行(する)
容疑 容疑者 法令上「容疑」の用法が無く,「容疑者」の用法のみのため.
漏示 (deleted) 用法がわずかであり,辞書に掲載されていた訳語も適当ではなかったため.

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Added, changed or deleted translations
EntryBefore revisionAfter revision
相手方opponent;the other party/other parties;opposite party;counter partyopponent;the other party/other parties;opposite party;counterparty;adverse party
異議objectionobjection;opposition
異議の申立てfiling of an objectionfiling of an objection;raise an objection
異議の申出(filing of an) objection(filing of an) objection;(raise an) objection
育児child carechildcare
育児休業child care leavechildcare leave
遺産の分割partition of estatedivision of estate
遺族survivor;bereaved familysurviving family (member);bereaved family
遺族基礎年金basic pension for survivor;basic pensionbasic pension for surviving family
遺族補償一時金lump sum compensation for survivor;lump sum compensationlump sum compensation for surviving family
遺族補償年金前払一時金compensation pension advance for survivor;compensation pension advancecompensation pension advance for surviving family
委託entrustmententrustment;consignment
遺伝子組換え生物living modified organismgenetically modified organism;living modified organism
遺伝子組換え微生物modified microorganismsgenetically modified microorganism;modified microorganisms
委任mandate;delegationmandate;delegation;entrust
遺留した物articles left behindarticle left behind
遺留分legally reserved portionstatutory reserved share
医療給付medical care benefitsmedical care benefit
印影impression of a sealseal impression
印刷printprinting
姻族relatives by affinityrelative through marriage
訴えsuit;lawsuit;actionaction;suit;lawsuit;litigation
売上高net salessales;sales volume
運送賃freightfreight (charge)
映画の著作物cinematographic workscinematographic work(s)
営業の部類line of the business;line of the operationsline of business;line of operations
援護aid;assistaid;assistance
援助assistanceassistance;support
援用invocation;referenceinvocation;reference;citation
押収物seized articlesseized article
応当する日corresponding daycorresponding day;day corresponding to
おそれrisk;likelihoodrisk of;likelihood;threat of
音楽の著作物musical worksmusical work(s)
外国foreign stateforeign state;foreign country
外国倒産処理手続foreign insolvency proceedingforeign insolvency proceeding(s)
外国法事務弁護士foreign lawyer registered in Japanregistered foreign lawyer
外国法事務弁護士事務所office of foreign lawyer registered in Japanoffice of registered foreign lawyer
解散disperse;dissolutiondispersion;dissolution
解釈の誤りmisconstructionmisconstruction;misinterpretation
海上保安官Coast Guard Officercoast guard officer
解職removalremoval (from position/duty)
害するharm;prejudiceharm;prejudice;damage
加害者perpetratorperpetrator;injuring party
拡散dispersion;proliferationdiffusion;proliferation
株券発行会社company issuing share certificateshare certificate-issuing company
株主名簿管理人administrator of shareholder registryshareholder registry administrator
仮拘禁許可状permit of provisional detentionprovisional detention permit
完結terminationtermination;conclusion;completion
官憲authoritythe authorities
監護custodycustody;caring for
監査法人audit firmauditing firm
管理権right of management of property;administrationright of management of property;administration (right);right to manage
管理命令management orderadministration order
議案proposalproposal;bill
起因resultantresultant;result
期間の経過後after the expiration of period (of time)after the passage of a period (of time);after the expiration of period (of time)
期間の満了expiration of periodexpiration of a period (of time)
技術基準technical standardstechnical standard
既成条件fulfilled conditionfulfilled condition;satisfied condition
偽造counterfeitcounterfeit;forgery
帰属ownership;belonging;vestingownership;belong to;vested in
寄託物goods depositeddeposited goods
基本的事項basic matterbasic matter;fundamental matter
救援reliefrelief;rescue
吸収分割承継会社succeeding company in absorption-type splitsuccessor company in absorption-type split
給付performance;payment;deliveryperformance;payment;delivery;benefit
共益費用expenses for the common interest;administrative expensesexpenses for common benefit;administrative expenses
協議consultation;deliberation; conference;agreementconsultation;deliberation;agreement
共同してin concerted action;jointly;connectedlyin concerted action;in concert with;jointly;connectedly
共同正犯coprincipalscoprincipal (in crime)
共同訴訟人copartycoparty (in action)
共同保証人joint guarantorsjoint guarantor
共犯complicitycomplicity;accomplice
業務災害employment injuryemployment injury;work injury
業務執行者executing personperson who executes (the) business
業務執行社員managing membermanaging member;executive member
業務方法書statement of operation proceduresstatement of operational procedures
強要するcompulsion;coerce;forcecompulsion;coercion;force
虚偽行為fraudfraudulent act
虚偽表示fictitious manifestation of intention;misrepresentationfalse manifestation of intention;misrepresentation
拒絶refusal;rejectrefusal;rejection;denial
許諾authorizationauthorization;grant;permission
拒否refusalrefusal;rejection;denial;veto
緊急避難averting present dangeraversion of clear and present danger
金品money and goodsmoney and/or goods
国の行政機関national government organnational government administrative organ
経過progressprogress;passage
計画審理well-organized proceedingwell-organized proceeding(s)
掲示posting;displayposting;display;notification
刑事訴訟criminal procedure;criminal proceedingcriminal procedure;criminal proceeding(s)
景品類premiumpremiums
血族relatives by bloodrelative by blood
決定ruling;decisionruling;decision;order
結了completion;conclusioncompletion;conclusion;closure
検察事務官assistant officer to a/the prosecutorpublic prosecutor's assistant officer
検証viewview;inspection
原著作物original worksoriginal work
限度limitlimit;to the extent necessary (for)
現場scene;sitethe scene;site
現物出資財産properties contributed in kindproperty contributed in kind
公益法人non-profit corporationpublic interest corporation
公演performance(public) performance
綱紀委員会disciplinary committeediscipline committee
公共用水域public water areaspublic water area
攻撃防御方法allegations and evidencesallegation and evidence
公正証書notarized deednotarial deed
更生手続(corporate) reorganization proceedings(corporate) reorganization proceeding(s)
厚生年金welfare pensionemployee's pension insurance;employee's pension
更生保護施設halfway houserehabilitation facilities
口頭審理hearing;oral hearing;oral proceedingshearing;oral hearing;oral proceeding(s)
公表publication;announcement;public announcement;releasepublication;announcement;public announcement;release;disclosure
公表された著作物works already made publicwork(s) already made public
公布の日から起算して…を経過した日the day on which … have elapsed from the day of promulgationthe day on which … have elapsed from the date of promulgation
公布の日から起算して…を超えない範囲内において政令で定める日the date specified by a Cabinet Order within a period not exceeding … from the day of promulgationthe day specified by Cabinet Order within a period not exceeding … from the date of promulgation
国内売上高domestic salesdomestic sales (volume)
国内倒産処理手続domestic insolvency proceedingdomestic insolvency proceeding(s)
国家公務員倫理審査会national public officers ethics boardNational Public Service Ethics Board
この法律による改正前のprior to the revision by this Actprior to revision by this Act
混同confusion;mergerconfusion;merger;commingle
債券bonddebenture (certificate)
財産propertyproperty;assets
財産権property rightsproperty right
財産分離separation of propertydivision of property
財産目録inventory (of property)inventory of assets
再審査re-examinationre-examination;review
再生手続rehabilitation proceedingsrehabilitation proceeding(s)
最低賃金minimum wagesminimum wage
最低賃金審議会minimum wages councilminimum wage council
裁判手続judicial proceedingscourt decision proceeding(s)
在来生物indigenous speciesnative species;indigenous species
詐害行為取消権creditor's right to request the rescission of the fraudulent act by the debtorright to request avoidance of fraudulent act
磁気的方式a magnetic formmagnetic form
時効prescription;statute of limitations;statutory limitationsprescription;statute of limitations
時効完成completion of prescription;raps of the period of statutory limitationscompletion of prescription;lapse of the period of statute of limitations
時効期間period of prescription;period of statutory limitationsperiod of prescription;period of statute of limitations
施行規則Implementation OrdinanceOrdinance for Enforcement
時効の停止suspension of prescription;tolling of statutory limitationsuspension of prescription;tolling of statute of limitations
自然環境学習natural environmental learningnatural environment study
実演家人格権moral rights of performersmoral right of performer
執行官court enforcement officercourt execution officer
指導guidanceguidance;instruction
支払期日date of paymentdate of payment;payment date
支払不能(equity) insolvencyinability to pay debts (as they become due)
社債原簿管理人administrator of bond registrybond registry administrator
写真の著作物photographic worksphotographic work(s)
受遺者donee(testamentary) donee
重大なserious;gross;materialserious;gross;material;grave;major
就任assumptionassumption (of office)
重要文化財important cultural propertiesimportant cultural property
重要無形文化財important intangible cultural propertiesimportant intangible cultural property
重要無形民俗文化財important intangible folk-cultural propertiesimportant intangible folk-cultural property
重要有形民俗文化財important tangible folk-cultural propertiesimportant tangible folk-cultural property
収賄acceptance of a bribeacceptance of bribe
趣旨purpose;import;tenor;gistpurpose;import;tenor;gist;purport
受託者trusteetrustee;consignee
受領能力capacity of receiptcapacity to accept/receive
準共有quasi coownershipquasi- coownership
準備的口頭弁論preliminary oral proceedingspreliminary oral proceeding(s)
障害者person with disabilitiesperson with disabilities;disabled person
少額訴訟action on small claimaction on small claim;small claim action
上告趣意書statement of reasons (for final appeal)(written) statement of reasons (for final appeal)
上告理由書statement of reasons for final appeal(written) statement of reasons for final appeal
証拠物articles of evidencearticle of evidence
承認approval;recognition;acknowledgementapproval;recognition;acknowledgement; acceptance
情報公開access to information;disclosure of the informationaccess to information;disclosure of information
抄本extractextract;(abridged) copy
証明力probative value (of evidence)probative value (of evidence);evidentiary value
省令Ordinance of the MinistryOrdinance of the Ministry;Ministerial Ordinance
食品循環資源resource from wasted foodresources from wasted food
職務dutyduty;practice
職務執行execution of dutyperformance of duty;execution of duty
職務上in the course of duties;in the course of functionsin the course of duties;as a part of one's duties
所持possessionpossession;direct control (over things)
処分disposition;appropriationdisposition;appropriation;ruling
書面による準備手続preparatory proceedings by means of documentspreparatory proceeding(s) by means of documents
事理を弁識する能力capacity to appreciate right or wrongcapacity to appreciate one's situation
身体検査inspection and examination of a person;inspection of a body;search of a bodyinspection and examination of a person;inspection of a body;body search
審判trial;decision;trial and decision;inquiry;hearing;adjudicationtrial;decision;trial and decision;inquiry;hearing;adjudication; ruling;determination;adjustment
審判手続trial procedure;hearing procedure;inquiry proceduretrial proceeding(s);hearing proceeding(s);inquiry proceeding(s)
審理proceedings;trialproceeding(s);trial
審理の終結conclusion of proceedingsconclusion of proceeding
心裡留保concealment of true intentionmanifestation without true intention
随意条件condition at willcondition at will;potestative condition
生活排水処理施設treatment facilities for household wastewaterhousehold wastewater treatment facilities
請求人claimant;demandant;requesterclaimant;requester
請求の基礎basis of claimbasis for claim
請求の追加addition of claimsaddition of claim
請求の認諾acknowledgment of claimsacknowledgment of claim
請求の放棄waiver of claimswaiver of claim
清算法人liquidating juridical personjuridical person in liquidation
製造設備manufacturing equipment;equipment for manufacturing …manufacturing equipment;manufacturing facilities;equipment/facilities for manufacturing …
政府代表representatives of the governmentrepresentative of the government
生物検査testing of organismstesting on organisms
生物検査命令order for testing of organismsorder for testing on organisms
責任responsibility;liability;accountabilityliability;responsibility;accountability
責めに帰すべき事由cause imputable to the accused himself/herselfcause attributable to (someone);grounds attributable to (someone)
善意の(で)without knowledgewithout knowledge;unknowingly;in good faith
全部取得条項付種類株式class share subject to wholly callclass share subject to class-wide call
専門委員expert adviser;technical advisor;expert committeeexpert adviser;technical advisor;experts committee
占有権posessory rightpossessory right
占有物thing possessed;things under one's possessionthing possessed;thing under one's possession
相続分share in inheritanceshare in inheritance;inheritance share
送達serviceservice;delivery
争点及び証拠の整理手続proceeding for arranging issues and evidencesproceeding(s) to arrange issues and evidence
相当の対価reasonable valuereasonable value;fair consideration
相隣関係relationship between owners/occupiers of adjoining landneighboring relationships
贈賄briberyoffer of bribe
訴訟指揮control of court proceedingscontrol of court proceeding(s)
訴訟手続court proceedingscourt proceeding(s)
訴訟手続の中止suspension of court proceeding on the ground of impossibility and difficulty of procedural actions by court;suspension of court proceedingsuspension of court proceeding(s) on the ground of impossibility and difficulty of procedural actions by court;suspension of court proceeding(s)
訴訟手続の中断abatement of actiondiscontinuation of action
訴訟手続の停止stay of court proceedingstay of court proceeding(s)
訴訟能力capacity to stand trialcapacity to sue or be sued
訴訟費用償還請求権right of reimbursement of court costsright to reimbursement of court costs
訴訟無能力者person without capacity to stand trialperson without capacity to sue or be sued
即決裁判手続speedy trial procedureexpedited trial procedure
疎明showing of prima facie evidenceprima facie showing
損益分配distribution of profit and lossdistribution of profits and losses
損害賠償damagesdamages;compensation of damages
損失の処理disposal of lossesdisposition of loss
第一審the first instancefirst instance
第一審裁判所court of the first instancecourt of first instance
対価consideration;thing received (in exchange for)value;price;thing received (in exchange for);consideration
退会secessionsecession;withdrawal
代価弁済paying the mortgage pricedirect satisfaction of mortgage with purchase price
大気airair;atmosphere
対抗するduly assert againstperfect duly assert against
代替物fungible thingsfungible thing;alternative goods;substitute
代表者representative personrepresentative (person)
貸与権right of lendingright to rent
代理業務agent work;agency functionagency business;agency functions
立会人observerobserver;witness
立替払payment for a third partypayment for a third party;payment on behalf of a third party
単元未満株式share less than one unitshare less than one (share) unit
単元未満株主holder of share less than one unitholder of share less than one (share) unit
単純承認unconditional acceptance of inheritanceunqualified acceptance
地役権easementservitude
畜産livestock raging;livestock business;livestock industrylivestock raising;livestock business;livestock industry
致死causing deathcausing death;fatal;lethal
地方独立行政法人local incorporated administrative agencylocal independent administrative agency
地方文化財local cultural propertieslocal cultural assets
仲裁手続arbitral proceedingarbitration procedure
中止命令discontinuance order;suspension orderstay order;discontinuance order;suspension order
注文者ordererorderer;the party ordering work
懲戒委員会disciplinary committeedisciplinary action committee
調書決定record in lieu of ruling documentrecord in lieu of written decision
調停conciliationconciliation;mediation
著作者人格権moral rights of authorsmoral right of author
著作物workswork(s)
著作隣接権neighboring rightsneighboring right
crimecrime;offense
積立金reserve fundsreserve fund
抵触conflictconflict;inconsistency;contradiction
手続procedure;proceedingprocedure;proceeding(s)
電子的方式an electronic formelectronic form
転借人sub lesseesublessee
転貸sub leasesublease
転貸人sub lessorsublessor
…等… etc.;such as …… etc.;such as …;and other (things) with/of similar nature;or the like
倒産処理手続insolvency proceedinginsolvency proceeding(s)
投資事業有限責任組合investment limited partnershipinvestment limited partnership;investment business limited partnership
当事者能力capacity to sue and to be suedcapacity to be a party
同時履行の抗弁defense for simultaneous performancedefense of simultaneous performance
逃走escapeescape;flight
謄本transcripttranscript;(certified) copy
登録異議の申立てopposition to registrationfiling of opposition to registration
登録異議申立書written oppositionwritten opposition (to registration)
登録事務registration workregistration affairs
登録出願application(registration) application
登録出願人applicant(registration) applicant
登録有形文化財registered tangible cultural propertiesregistered tangible cultural property
独立行政法人incorporated administrative agencyindependent administrative agency
特例有限会社special company with limited liabilityspecial limited liability company
と畜場abattoirslaughterhouse
土地の所有者landownerlandowner;owner of (the) land
特許請求claim(patent) claim
届出書written notice;written reportwritten notice;written report;written notification
取消権right to rescindright to rescind;rescission right
取引条件trade terms;term and conditions (of business)trade terms;terms and conditions (of transaction)
取引制限restraint of traderestraint on trade
…において準用する…の規定the provision of …, as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to … the provision of …, as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to …
…において準用する場合を含むincluding the cases where it is applied mutatis mutandis pursuant toincluding the cases where applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to
に定めるところによりpursuant to the provision ofpursuant to the provision of;as provided for by
二次使用料secondary use feessecondary use fee
入港entrance into a portentry into a port
根抵当権設定者revolving mortgagormortgagor of a revolving mortgage
廃液waste liquidwaste liquid;waste fluid;effluent
廃止abolition;repealabolition;repeal;discontinue
配当dividends;distributions;liquidating distributiondividend;distribution;liquidating distribution
破産手続開始commencement of bankruptcy proceedingscommencement of bankruptcy proceeding(s)
発行可能種類株式総数total number of authorized share in a classtotal number of authorized shares in a class
発行可能株式総数total number of authorized sharetotal number of authorized shares
判決による支払の猶予grace of payments by judgmentpayment grace period pursuant to judgment
被害者victimvictim;aggrieved party;injured party
被上告人appllee (of final appeal)appellee (of final appeal)
否認権right of avoidanceright of avoidance;right of rebuttal
費用expense;costsexpense;cost
表示indication;representation;manifestation; label;markindication;representation;manifestation; label (labeling);mark
評定evaluation;ratingevaluation;rating;valuation
不確定期限uncertain due dateuncertain due date;unfixed period of time;indefinite period of time
負担付遺贈testamentary gift with burdentestamentary gift with burden;conditioned testamentary gift
負担付贈与gift with burdengift with burden;conditioned gift
不貞な行為unchaste actunchaste act;act of infidelity
不動産real estatereal property
不動産質pledge of real estatepledge of real property
不法原因給付performance for illegal causesperformance for illegal/unlawful reasons
不法行為torttort;tortious act
扶養supportsupport;maintenance
扶養義務者supporter under dutyperson under duty to support
文化財cultural propertiescultural property
分割払いinstallment planinstallment payments
閉会closingclosing (of meeting)
併合consolidation;annexationconsolidation;annexation;joinder
別除権right to retrieve things from bankrupt estateright of separate satisfaction
変更の判決judgment of modificationjudgment for modification
変死者person having died an unnatural deathperson who died an unnatural death
弁償compensationcompensation;reimbursement
弁論oral argument;closing argumentoral argument
弁論準備手続preparatory proceedingspreparatory proceeding(s)
弁論準備手続調書record of preparatory proceedingsrecord of preparatory proceeding(s)
妨害interference;hindrance;obstructioninterference;hindrance;obstruction; disturbance
傍系血族collateral relatives by bloodcollateral relative by blood
傍系親族collateral relativescollateral relative
防護標章登録defensive mark registrationdefensive mark
防護標章登録証certificate of defensive mark registrationdefensive mark registration certificate
防災訓練disaster prevention drillsdisaster prevention drill
方式form;methodform;method;formality
放射線障害radiation hazardradiation damage
防除mitigation;controlprevention;control
法人たる事業者entrepreneur of juridical personjuridical person business operator;juridical person entrepreneur
放送broadcastbroadcast;broadcasting
放送権rights of broadcastingright of broadcasting
放送事業者broadcasting organizationbroadcaster;broadcasting organization
法定代理人statutory representativestatutory agent
法律行為juristic actjuridical act
保佐開始の審判order for commencement of curatorshipruling for commencement of curatorship
補助開始の審判order for commencement of assistanceruling for commencement of assistance
保全preservationpreservation;conservation
埋蔵物things hidden in the groundburied item
埋蔵文化財buried cultural propertiesburied cultural property
未決勾留pre-sentence detentionpre-sentencing detention
無記名債権bearer certificate of claimsbearer certificate of claim
無形文化財intangible cultural propertiesintangible cultural property
無罪not guiltynot guilty;innocent
無差別大量殺人行為indiscriminate mass murderact of indiscriminate mass murder
無償でwithout chargewithout compensation;gratuitously
明細書descriptiondescription;detailed statement;specifications
名勝scenic beautyscenic beauty;scenic spot
命令orderorder;direction
免責dischargeexemptions;discharge
免訴dismissal for judicial bardismissal by reason of judicial bar
申立てapplication;motion;petitionapplication;motion;petition;request
目録temporary restraining order;table of contents;inventory;list;cataloguetable of contents;inventory;list;catalogue
やむを得ない事由compelling reason;unavoidable circumstancescompelling reason;unavoidable circumstances;unavoidable grounds
有益費useful expensesbeneficial expenses
有価証券negotiable instrument of value;securities;document of title;negotiable instrumentnegotiable instrument;negotiable instrument of value;securities;document of title
有形文化財tangible cultural propertiestangible cultural property
有効期間valid periodvalid period;effective period
有償行為act for valueact for value;onerous act
有線放送cable broadcastcable broadcast;cable broadcasting
有線放送事業者cable broadcast business operatorcable broadcaster;cable broadcast business operator
猶予suspensionsuspension;grace
猶予期間period of suspensionperiod of suspension;grace period
予約reservationreservation;option contract
利害関係人interested personinterested person;interested party
略式手続summary proceedingssummary proceeding(s)
隣接する権利neighboring rightsneighboring right
累犯repeated convictionrepeated convictions
連結計算書類consolidated financial statementconsolidated financial statements
労働者workerworker;employee
朗読するread out;read aloudread aloud

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Added entries
EntryTranslation
異議者denying party;disputing party
異議のある債権denied claim;disputed claim
慰謝料solatium
著しい損害又は遅滞substantial detriment or delay
一括売却package (blanket) sale
一般異議申述期間ordinary period for making objections
一般承継人general successor
一般調査期間ordinary period for investigation
一般調査期日ordinary date of investigation
一般の先取特権general statutory lien
一般の優先権がある債権claim with general priority (statutory priority over the entire property of the debtor)
一般弁済期間general period for payment
委任事務entrusted business
委任状power of attorney;proxy
委任による代理人privately appointed agent
訴えによってby filing an action
売付けsale
買受人purchaser
外国管財人foreign trustee
開始後債権post commencement claim
買付けpurchase
外務員sales representative
価額決定の請求request for valuation
価額の償還reimbursement of value
隔地者party at a distance
確定日付certified date
可決(する)approval
貸席rent space
学校法人incorporated educational institution
仮登記provisional registration
仮登録provisional registration
仮払provisional payment figured by estimate
簡易再生simplified rehabilitation
簡易配当simplified distribution
換価realization
管財人代理trustee representative
監督委員supervisor
監督命令supervision order
元本確定期日principal determination date
元本猶予期間grace period to pay principal
管理administration;management
議決権行使書面voting card
期限time limit;assigned time;term;period of time
期限の利益benefit of time
期限の利益を喪失するto forfeit the benefit of time;to be accelerated;acceleration
期日間整理手続interim conference procedure
基準債権standard claim
急迫の事情pressing circumstances
給与所得者等再生rehabilitation for salaried workers, etc.
共益債権common benefit claim
協同組織金融機関cooperative financial institution
共同根抵当joint revolving mortgage
共有持分co-ownership interest
近親者close relative
金融商品financial instruments
金融商品仲介業financial instruments introducing brokerage business
金融商品取引業financial instruments business
金融商品取引所financial instruments exchange
組入金the money deducted from the proceeds and added to the estate
区役所ward office
経常利益ordinary profit;current profit
継続的給付continuous performance
競売申立人auction applicant
決済settlement;payments;clearing
現実数値actual figure
現存利益actual enrichment
現に受けている利益actual enrichment
現に利益を受けている限度においてto the extent actually enriched
減免reduction or release
権利変動の対抗要件requirements of perfection of changes in rights
公開買付けtender offer (bid)
更生事件reorganization case
公道public road
公判前整理手続pretrial conference procedure
公平かつ誠実にin a fair and sincere manner
効力を生ずるbecome effective
個人再生委員individual rehabilitation commissioner
債権者委員会creditors committee
債権者一覧表list of creditors
債権者代位訴訟action for obligee's subrogation right
債権者の一般の利益common interests of the creditors
債権者表schedule of creditors
債権者名簿list of holders of dischargeable claims
債権者を害する行為act that would prejudice creditors
債権届出期間period for filing of proofs of claims
債権の調査及び確定investigation and determination of claims
債権の届出filing of proofs of claims
最後配当final distribution
財産開示手続assets disclosure procedure
財産分与distribution of property
祭祀worship;religious services dedicated to
再生計画(案)(proposed) rehabilitation plan
再生計画認可(不認可)confirmation/disconfirmation of the rehabilitation plan
再生計画の取消しrevocation of the rehabilitation plan
再生債権rehabilitation claim
再生債権者rehabilitation creditors
再生裁判所rehabilitation court
再生債務者rehabilitation debtor
再生債務者財産rehabilitation debtor's assets
再生債務者等rehabilitation debtor, etc.
再生事件rehabilitation case
再生手続開始commencement of rehabilitation proceeding(s)
再生手続開始の申立てpetition for commencement of rehabilitation proceeding(s)
再生手続終結termination of the rehabilitation proceeding
再生手続終了close of the rehabilitation proceeding
再生手続廃止discontinuance of rehabilitation proceeding
財団債権claim of the estate(estate claim)
裁判上の請求demand by litigation
裁判上又は裁判外の行為act in or out of court
債務の減免reduction and release of debts
債務引受assumption of obligation;debt assumption
詐害行為取消訴訟action for avoidance of fraudulent act
さかのぼってretroactively
詐欺破産(再生)罪crime of fraudulent bankruptcy/rehabilitation
査定決定assessment order
査定の裁判assessment decision
敷金の返還請求権claim to refund the security deposit
事業の譲渡business transfer
次項immediately following paragraph;the following paragraph
時効の利益benefit of prescription
自己資本規制比率capital adequacy ratio
自己の財産におけるのと同一の注意義務をもってwith the same care he/she would exercise over his/her own property
次条immediately following Article;the following Article
支障部分detrimental part
執行機関executive agency
執行行為acts of execution
執行文certificate of execution
執行力(の)ある債務名義enforceable title of obligation
支払能力ability to pay
支払の(を)停止suspension of payments
社債券(company) bond certificate
住所地法law of domicile
住宅資金貸付契約home loan contract
住宅資金貸付債権home loan
住宅資金特別条項special clause on home loan
住宅約定利息agreed interest on home loan
主務官庁competent government agency
主要株主major shareholder
準正legitimation
準別除権quasi-right of separate satisfaction
準別除権者holder of the quasi-right of separate satisfaction
小規模個人再生rehabilitation for individuals with small-scale debts
証拠の類型category of evidence
商事会社commercial company
上場(された)listed
上場会社listed company
上場株券listed share certificate
上訴権回復restoration of appeal rights
承認援助手続recognition and assistance procedure
商法若しくは会社法の規定による留置権rights of retention provided for in the provisions of Commercial Code or Companies Act
証明予定事実facts to be proved
将来の請求権claim which may arise in the future
助産師birthing assistant
処分禁止の仮処分the provisional disposition that prohibits the disposition of the property
資力申告書statement of one's financial resources
知れている債権者known creditors
信義則good faith principle (principle of good faith)
信託会社trust company
生活上の本拠the principal place where a person lives
請求異議の訴えaction to oppose execution
誠実にsincerely;in good faith
精神上の障害mental disability
成年age of majority
生物多様性biological diversity;biodiversity
責任制限手続proceeding(s) for shipowners limitation of liability
責めに帰することができない事由grounds not attributable to (someone)
前項immediately preceding paragraph;the preceding paragraph
前条immediately preceding article;the preceding article
選択権right to choose;option
相互会社mutual company
総債権total claims
相場exchange rates;market price;quotations
双務契約bilateral contract
措置を取るimplement measures
続行期日further date
損失補てんloss compensation
対抗できるcan be asserted against
第三者異議の訴えthird party action against execution
代償的取戻権right of substitutional segregation
代替許可substituted permission
代理委員representative
大量保有large volume holding
ただし、第三者の権利を害することはできない; provided, however, that this shall not prejudice the rights of a third party
担保security;warranty;collateral
担保権security interest
担保権の実行exercise of the security interest
担保権の消滅extinguishment of security interests
担保付社債信託secured bond trust
担保(の)提供provision of security;provision of collateral
担保不足見込額estimated amount of deficiency
担保不動産収益執行execution against earnings from secured real property
仲介(業)introducing brokerage (business)
調査委員examiner
調査命令examination order
町村役場town/village office
直系卑属lineal descendant
追加配当subsequent distribution
通行権right-of-way
通常総会ordinary general meeting
定期金債権claim for periodic payments
適格機関投資家qualified institutional investor
手続開始の決定order of commencement
手続開始前の原因causes before the commencement of a (rehabilitation) proceeding
店頭デリバティブ取引over-the-counter derivative transaction
同意再生consensual rehabilitation
同意配当consensual distribution
投資顧問investment advisory
投資者investor
当事者適格standing
投資信託investment trust;mutual fund
得喪(権利の)acquisition or loss (of rights)
特別異議申述期間special period for making objections
特別清算開始commencement of special liquidation proceeding(s)
特別調査期間special period for investigation
特別調査期日special date of investigation
特別の先取特権special statutory lien
独立国立大学法人incorporated national university
届出再生債権者holder of filed rehabilitation claim
取調べ状況situation of interview/interrogation
取戻権rights of segregation
入国審査官immigration inspector
任意的口頭弁論optional oral arguments
任意売却sale by private contract
認否approval or disapproval
認否書statement of approval or disapproval
…の日の翌日から起算してfrom the day following the date of;since the day following the date of;commencing from the day following the date of
媒介mediate;(introducing) broking;(introducing) brokerage;commissioning;intermediary
配当表distribution list
配当率percentage of distribution
売得金proceeds
破産管財人代理bankruptcy trustee representative
破産債権bankruptcy claim
破産債権者bankruptcy creditors
破産裁判所bankruptcy court
破産事件bankruptcy case
破産手続開始の原因grounds for the commencement of bankruptcy proceeding(s)
破産手続参加participation in bankruptcy proceeding(s)
破産手続終結の決定order for termination of the bankruptcy proceedings
破産手続廃止discontinuance of bankruptcy proceedings
発行登録(書)shelf registration (statement)
発行登録追補書類shelf registration supplements
被担保債権secured claim
否認権の行使exercise of rights of avoidance
否認の請求request for avoidance
被申立担保権者the designated security interest holder
評価valuation;appraisal
評価額estimated amount
評価済債権valued claim
費用の仮支弁making temporary payment of expenses
夫婦財産marital property
附従性appurtenant nature
不誠実untrustworthy
不法行為者tortfeasor
平穏に、かつ、公然とpeacefully and openly
別除権者holder of the right of separate satisfaction
別除権の目的である財産の受戻しredemption of collateral for a right of separation
別段のother;otherwise;different
別段の定めがある場合を除きunless otherwise provided for
弁済期間payment period
弁済の禁止prohibition of payments
包括的禁止命令comprehensive prohibition order
防御権right to defense
法定追認statutory ratification
募集(有価証券の募集)offering
保全管理人provisional administrator
保存するtake custody of;keep
補てんcompensation
本登記definitive registration
本登録definitive registration
無異議債権claim without objection
無過失(過失がない)faultless;without fault;no-fault
無償行為gratuitous act
無償の供与gratuitous conveyance
銘柄brand;name;issue
持株会社holding company
約定劣後再生債権consensually-subordinated rehabilitation claim
約定劣後破産債権consensually-subordinated bankruptcy claim
有価証券関連デリバティブ取引securities-related derivative transaction
有価証券報告書securities report
優先的破産債権priority/preferred bankruptcy claim
予見可能性foreseeability
流通distribution;circulation
劣後的破産債権subordinate bankruptcy claim
労働委員会labor relations commission

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