Article 1 The purpose of this Act is to enable Part-Time Workers to effectively exercise their abilities through ensuring, etc. of their treatment balanced with that of ordinary workers, and thereby enhance welfare of the Part-Time Workers and contribute to economic and social development, by means of taking such measures as those concerning ensuring of proper working conditions for Part-Time Workers, improvement of employment management for them, promotion of their transformation to ordinary workers, development and improvement, etc. of vocational abilities, in view of the fact that the importance of roles played by Part-Time Workers is increasing with such socioeconomic changes in Japan as the progress of aging population combined with low birthrates and change in employment structures.
Article 2 The term "Part-Time Worker" as used in this Act mean a worker whose prescribed weekly working hours are shorter than those of ordinary workers employed at the same place of business (or said ordinary workers who are engaged in the same kind of work as said workers, unless otherwise specified by Ordinance of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, if the worker is engaged in the same kind of work as said ordinary worker employed at the said place of business).
(Responsibilities of Business Operator, etc.)
Article 3 (1) A business operator may seek to ensure the treatment of Part-Time Workers employed by him/her that is balanced with that of ordinary workers employed by him/her as well as to take other measures and, may endeavor to enable said Part-Time Workers to effectively exercise their abilities, with consideration to such matters as their employment situations etc., and by means of taking such measures as those for ensuring of proper working conditions, implementation of education and training, enrichment of a welfare program, other improvement of employment management, and promotion of the transformation to ordinary workers (which means the employment of a Part-Time Worker as an ordinary worker at his/her place of business; the same shall apply hereinafter) (hereinafter referred to as "Employment Management Improvement, etc.").
An association of business operators shall endeavor to provide necessary advice, cooperation and other assistance with regard to the Employment Management Improvement, etc. for Part-Time Workers employed by business operators who are members of the association.
(Responsibilities of National and Local Governments)
Article 4 (1) The national government shall provide necessary guidance, assistance, etc. to business operators and other relevant persons according to their actual circumstances, while respecting their voluntary efforts, with regard to the Employment Management Improvement, etc. for Part-Time Workers. In addition, the national government shall conduct advertising and other enlightenment activities necessary to remove various factors preventing Part-Time Workers from exercising their abilities effectively, and endeavor to comprehensively and effectively promote measures necessary for the promotion of the Employment Management Improvement, etc. for Part-Time Workers and other enhancement of their welfare, such as development and improvement, etc. of their vocational abilities.
In cooperation with the national government's measures set forth in the preceding paragraph, a local government shall endeavor to promote measures necessary to enhance welfare of Part-Time Workers.