投資事業有限責任組合契約に関する法律
Limited Partnership Act for Investment
平成十年六月三日法律第九十号
Act No. 90 of June 3, 1998
第一章 総則
Chapter 1 General Provisions
(目的)
(Purpose)
第一条 この法律は、事業者に対する投資事業を行うための組合契約であって、無限責任組合員有限責任組合員との別を約するものに関する制度確立することにより、事業者への円滑資金供給促進し、その健全な成長発展を図り、もって我がの経済活力の向上資することを目的とする
Article 1 This Act is for the purpose of promoting the smooth provision of capital to Enterprises and to promote their sound growth and development by establishing a system of limited partnership agreements for conducting investment in Enterprises which agreements provide for separate categories of general partners having unlimited liability and limited partners having limited liability, and thereby contributing to the economic vitality of our country.
(定義)
(Definitions)
第二条 この法律において「事業者」とは、法人外国法人を除く。)及び事業を行う個人をいう。
Article 2 "Enterprise" under this Act shall mean a juridical person (excluding foreign juridical persons) or an individual carrying on business.
2 この法律において「投資事業有限責任組合」とは、次第一投資事業有限責任組合契約によって成立する無限責任組合員及び有限責任組合員からなる組合をいう。
(2) "Investment LPS" means a partnership that is formed from general partners and limited partners pursuant to a limited partnership agreement for investment as set forth in paragraph 1 of the following Article.
(投資事業有限責任組合契約)
(Limited Partnership Agreement for Investment)
第三条 投資事業有限責任組合契約(以下「組合契約」という。)は、各当事者出資を行い、共同で次に掲げる事業の全部又は一部を営むことを約することにより、その効力を生ずる。
Article 3 A limited partnership agreement for investment (hereinafter a "Partnership Agreement") shall take effect upon agreement by the parties to invest capital and jointly to carry out any or all of the following business activities:
一 株式会社設立に際して発行する株式取得及び保有並びに有限会社又は企業組合設立に際しての持分取得及び当該取得に係る持分の保有
(i) Acquisition and holding of shares issued by business corporations (Kabushiki Kaisha) upon their establishment and acquisition and holding of equity shares issued by a limited liability company (yugen kaisha) or company partnership (kigyo kumiai) upon their establishment;
二 株式会社発行する株式新株予約権商法(明治三十二年法律第四十八)第二百八十ノ十九第一規定する新株予約権をいう。以下このにおいて同じ。)若しくは新株予約権付社債等(同第三百四十一ノ二第一規定する新株予約権付社債及びこれに準ずる社債として政令で定めるものをいう。以下このにおいて同じ。)又は有限会社若しくは企業組合持分取得及び保有
(ii) Acquisition and holding of shares, Share Options (meaning share options prescribed in Article 280-19(1) of the Commercial Code (Act no. 48 of 1899), with the same to apply hereinafter in this paragraph), or Bond with Share Options, Etc. (meaning bond with share options as set forth in Article 341-2(1) of the Commercial Code and other bond instruments prescribed by Cabinet Order as being equivalent to bond with share options, with the same to apply hereinafter in this paragraph) issued by joint stock companies and acquisition and holding of equity shares of a limited liability company or a company partnership;
三 証券取引(昭和二十三年法律第二十五)第二第一規定する有価証券株式新株予約権及び新株予約権付社債等を除き、同第一から第五の三まで及び第七から第十までに掲げる有価証券新株予約権付社債等を除く。)に表示されるべき権利であって同第二の規定により有価証券とみなされるものを含む。)のうち社債新株予約権付社債等を除く。)その他の事業者資金調達資するものとして政令で定めるもの(以下「指定有価証券」という。)の取得及び保有(前二の規定により投資事業有限責任組合(第九を除き、以下「組合」という。)がその株式新株予約権若しくは新株予約権付社債等を保有している株式会社又は組合がその持分を保有している有限会社若しくは企業組合(以下「特定会社等」と総称する。)以外の事業者発行する指定有価証券(以下このにおいて「特定指定有価証券」という。)にあっては、特定指定有価証券である当該指定有価証券組合が保有する期間政令で定める期間を超えたときは、その日において、無限責任組合員のいずれかがこれを買い取る旨を約した場合における当該特定指定有価証券取得及び保有に限る。)
(iii) Acquisition and holding of those securities prescribed in Article 2(1) of the Securities and Exchange Act (Act no. 25 of 1948) (excluding shares, Share Options and Bond with Share Options, Etc., but including rights that are to be represented by securities listed in items (i) to (v-iii) and (vii) to (x) of said provision (excluding Bond with Share Options, Etc.) and are deemed to be securities by the provisions set forth in Article 2(2) of said Act) and which are bonds (excluding Bond with Share Options, Etc.) or other fund raising securities stipulated as such by Cabinet Order as contributing to the procuring of capital by an Enterprise (such bonds and other securities hereinafter, "Designated Securities")- but in the case of "Specified Designated Securities" (meaning such Designated Securities issued by an Enterprise other than (x) a business corporation of which issued shares, Share Options, and Bond with Share Options, Etc. are held by an Investment LPS (excluding (ix) below, hereinafter a "Partnership") or (y) a limited liability company or a company partnership of which equity shares are held by a Partnership, (such business corporation, limited liability company or corporate partnership hereinafter referred to as "Specified Company, Etc.") pursuant to preceding items (i) and (ii)), limited to cases of acquisition or holding where one of the general partners has promised that, if the period of holding by the Partnership of said Designated Securities that are Specified Designated Securities exceeds the period prescribed by Cabinet Order, the general partner will purchase said Specified Designated Securities, on the day of expiry of such period.
四 事業者に対する金銭債権取得及び保有(特定会社等以外の事業者に対する金銭債権(以下このにおいて「特定金銭債権」という。)にあっては、特定金銭債権である当該金銭債権組合が保有する期間政令で定める期間を超えたときは、その日において、無限責任組合員のいずれかがこれを買い取る旨を約した場合における当該特定金銭債権取得及び保有に限る。)
(iv) Acquisition and holding of monetary claims against an Enterprise (in the case of monetary claims against an Enterprise other than a Specified Company, Etc. (hereinafter in this item referred to as "Specified Monetary Claims"), limited to cases of acquisition and holding where one or more general partners has promised that, if the period of holding of said monetary claims which are Specified Monetary Claims exceeds the period prescribed by Cabinet Order, the general partner will purchase said Specified Monetary Claims on the day of expiry of such period);
五 事業者に対する金銭の新たな貸付
(v) New loans to an Enterprise;
六 事業者所有する工業所有権又は著作権取得及び保有(これらの権利に関して利用許諾することを含む。)
(vi) Acquisition and holding of industrial property or copyrights (including granting a license to use the rights relating thereto) owned by an Enterprise;
七 特定中小企業等(中小企業者中小企業基本法(昭和三十八年法律第百五十四)第二第一に掲げるものをいう。)その他の者であって、これに対する資金供給を行うことが特に重要なものとして政令で定める者をいう。以下同じ。)であって投資営業者(投資事業営む者をいう。第九において同じ。)でないものを相手方とする匿名組合契約商法第五百三十五匿名組合契約をいう。以下同じ。)の出資持分又は信託の受益権(特定中小企業等の営む事業から生ずる収益又は利益分配を受ける権利に限る。)の取得及び保有
(vii) Acquisition and holding of equity investment in a Silent Partnership (tokutei kumiai) Agreement (meaning a silent partnership agreement under Article 535 of the Commercial Code, and likewise hereinafter) of which a party is a Specified SME, Etc. (refers to Small and Medium Enterprises (meaning persons listed in each item of Article 2(1) of the Small and Medium Sized Enterprises Basic Act (Act No. 154 of 1963) and other persons to whom the provision of capital has been prescribed by Cabinet Order as being especially important, and likewise hereinafter) but is not an Investment Manager (toshi eigyosha) (a person carrying on the investment business, and likewise in (ix) below), or trust beneficial rights (limited to rights to receive distributions of earnings or profit arising from business carried on by a Specified SME, Etc.);
八 前各の規定により組合がその株式持分新株予約権新株予約権付社債等、指定有価証券金銭債権工業所有権著作権又は信託の受益権を保有している事業者に対して経営又は技術指導を行う事業
(viii) Provision of management-related advice or technical guidance to an Enterprise of which the Partnership owns shares, equity interest, Share Options, Bond with Share Options, Etc., Designated Securities, monetary claims, industrial property, copyrights or trust beneficial rights pursuant to any of the preceding items;
九 投資組合等(投資事業有限責任組合若しくは民法(明治二十九年法律第八十九)第六百六十七第一規定する組合契約投資事業営むことを約するものによって成立する組合又は外国に所在するこれらの組合に類似する団体をいう。以下同じ。)に対する出資及び投資営業者を相手方とする匿名組合契約に基づく出資(以下このにおいて「投資組合向け出資等」と総称する。)であって、一の投資組合又は投資営業者に対する投資組合向け出資等の価額投資事業有限責任組合の総組合員出資総額組合契約において各組合員出資予定額(各組合員が出資することを約した上限額をいう。以下このにおいて同じ。)が定められている場合にあっては、総組合員出資予定額の合計額)に対する割合が政令で定める割合を超えない範囲内において行うもの(次に掲げる投資組合向け出資等(第十一ロにおいて「特定投資組合向け出資等」という。)を除く。)
(ix) Investment in Investment Partnership, Etc. (meaning an Investment LPS, or a partnership formed by a partnership agreement as prescribed in Article 667(1) of the Civil Code (Act No. 89 of 1896) by virtue of promises to carry on the investment business, or similar organizations located in a foreign country, with the same to apply hereafter) and investment based on Anonymous Partnership Agreements having an Investment Manager as a party (hereinafter collectively referred to in this item as "Capital Investment, Etc. in Investment Partnership") where the ratio of the amount of said Capital Investment, Etc. in Investment Partnership in any one Investment Partnership, Etc. or Investment Manager to the total amount of capital contribution by all the partners in the Investment LPS (if the partners' capital investment, commitment (the maximum amount that each partner has promised to invest, and likewise hereafter in this item) is stipulated in the Partnership Agreement, the total of such amounts) does not exceed the ratio prescribed by Cabinet Order (excluding Capital Investment, Etc. in Investment Partnership described in (a) and (b) below (referred to as "Specified Capital Investment, Etc. in Investment Partnership" in item (xi)-b, below)):
イ 投資事業有限責任組合無限責任組合員である者(無限責任組合員が数あるときは、そのいずれか一無限責任組合員である者。ロにおいて同じ。)がその業務執行する者である投資組合等その他投資事業有限責任組合業務執行実質的支配する関係を有するものとして政令で定める投資組合等に対する出資
(a) Capital investment in an Investment Partnership, Etc. of which a general partner of the Investment LPS (if there are more than one general partners, any one of them, with the same applying in (b)) executes the business or in other Investment Partnership, Etc. prescribed by Cabinet Order as being one which is in the position (relationship) of having effective control over the execution of the business of the Investment LPS.
ロ 投資事業有限責任組合無限責任組合員である者その他政令で定める者を相手方とする匿名組合契約に基づく出資
(b) Capital investment based on a Silent Partnership Agreement having as a party a general partner of the Investment LPS or other person as may be prescribed by Cabinet Order.
十 前各の事業に付随する事業であって、政令で定めるもの
(x) Business activities ancillary to the business described in the preceding items as prescribed by Cabinet Order;
十一 次に掲げる事業であって、政令で定めるところにより、前各に掲げる事業の遂行を妨げない限度において行うもの
(xi) The business activities listed below that are carried out to the extent that, as prescribed by Cabinet Order, there is no hindrance to the conduct of the business activities set forth in any of the preceding items:
イ 外国法人発行する株式新株予約権新株予約権付社債若しくは指定有価証券若しくは外国法人持分又はこれらに類似するものの取得及び保有
(a) Acquisition and holding of shares, Share Options, Bond with Share Options, Etc., Designated Securities issued by a foreign juridical person, or, equity shares in a foreign juridical person, or instruments similar to the same.
ロ 特定投資組合向け出資
(b) Specified Capital Investment, Etc. in Investment Partnership; and
十二 組合契約目的を達成するため、政令で定める方により行う業務上余裕金運用
(xii) Investment of surplus cash to be made in accordance with the manner determined by Cabinet Order in order to accomplish the purposes of the Partnership Agreement.
2 組合契約契約書(以下「組合契約書」という。)には、次の事を記載し、各組合員はこれに署名し、又は記名押印しなければならない
(2) The written contract of the Partnership Agreement (hereinafter the "Partnership Contract") shall stipulate the matters listed below and be signed by or bear the name and seal of each of the partners:
一 組合の事業
(i) The businesses of the Partnership;
二 組合名称
(ii) The name of the Partnership;
三 組合事務所所在地
(iii) The location of the office of the Partnership;
四 組合員氏名又は名称及び住所並びに無限責任組合員有限責任組合員との別
(iv) The names and addresses of the partners and the classification of general partner or limited partner for each of the partners;
五 出資一口の金額
(v) The amount of one unit of investment;
六 組合契約効力が発生する年月日
(vi) The date on which the Partnership Agreement takes effect; and
七 組合存続期間
(vii) The duration of the existence of the Partnership.
3 組合に対してする通知又は催告は、組合事務所所在地又は無限責任組合員住所にあててすれば足りる
(3) Notices or announcements to be made to a Partnership may be addressed to the location of an office of the Partnership or to the address of a general partner.
4 組合員の数の合計は、政令で定める数を超えてはならない。
(4) The total number of partners shall not exceed the number to be prescribed by Cabinet Order.
(登記)
(Registration)
第四条 この法律の規定により登記を必要とするは、登記の後でなければ、これをもって善意の第三者に対抗することができない
Article 4 A matter for which registration is required pursuant to the provisions of this Act may not be asserted against a third party without knowledge until after the registration of such matter has been completed.
2 この法律の規定により登記を必要とするについて、故意又は過失により不実の事登記した者は、その事が不実であることをもって善意の第三者に対抗することができない
(2) A person who through intention or negligence has made a false registration on a matter for which registration is required pursuant to the provisions of this Act may not assert the falsity of said matter against a third party acting in good faith.
(名称)
(Name)
第五条 組合には、その名称中に投資事業有限責任組合という文字を用いなければならない。
Article 5 A Partnership shall include in its name the phrase "Investment LPS."
2 も、組合でないものについて、その名称中に投資事業有限責任組合という文字を用いてはならない。
(2) An entity which is not a Partnership may not include in its name the phrase "Investment LPS."
3 組合名称については、商法第十九から第二十一まで(商号)の規定準用する
(3) The provisions of Articles 19 through 21 (Trade Name) of the Commercial Code shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to the name of a Partnership.
4 有限責任組合員は、その氏名又は名称組合名称中に用いることを許諾したときは、その使用以後に生じた組合債務については、無限責任組合員と同一の責任を負う。
(4) In the event that a limited partner consents to its family, personal or business name being included in the name of the Partnership, the limited partner shall have the same responsibilities as the general partners for any liabilities of the Partnership that are incurred upon or after such use of the limited partner's name in the name of the Partnership.
第二章 組合員の権利及び義務
Chapter 2 Rights and Obligations of the Partners
(組合員の出資)
(Investment by Partners)
第六条 組合員は、出資一口以上を有しなければならない
Article 6 Each of the partners shall own at least one unit of investment.
2 組合員は、金銭その他の財産のみをもって出資目的することができる
(2) A partner's investment in the Partnership may be made only in the form of cash or other properties.
3 出資一口の金額は、均一でなければならない。
(3) The cash value of one unit of investment shall be uniform.
(特定組合の組合員の資格等)
(Qualifications of Partners of Specified Partnerships, Etc.)
第六条の二 特定組合組合のうち、特定中小企業等に該当する株式会社発行する公開株式証券取引第二第十六規定する証券取引所に上場されておらず、かつ、同第七十五第一の店頭売買有価証券登録原簿登録されていない株式をいう。)の取得及び保有その他の政令で定める事業(以下「中小未公開企業株式取得等事業」という。)の全部又は一部のみを営むことをその組合契約において約した組合以外のものをいう。以下同じ。)の有限責任組合員たる資格を有する者は、同第二第三第一規定する適格機関投資家その他の政令で定める者とする
Article 6-2 Persons qualified to be limited liability partners of a Specified Partnership (meaning a Partnership other than a Partnership of which the Partnership Agreement includes a commitment to engage wholly or partly in the business of acquiring and holding unlisted shares (refers to shares that are neither listed on a share exchange prescribed in Article 2(16) of the Securities and Exchange Act nor registered on the registry of OTC traded securities prescribed in Article 75(1) of said act) issued by a business corporation that corresponds to a Specified SME, Etc.) or other business prescribed by Cabinet Order (referred to hereinafter as "the Business of acquiring shares, etc. of unlisted small or medium sized enterprises") shall be qualified institutional investors as defined in Article 2 (3) - 1 of said Act or other persons prescribed by Cabinet Order.
2 組合契約の変更により特定組合以外の組合が特定組合となったときは、当該組合有限責任組合員であって前規定する有限責任組合員たる資格を有しない者は、その時点において組合員資格を喪失する。
(2) Where a partnership other than a Specified Partnership becomes a Specified Partnership by reason of amendment of its partnership agreement, any limited liability partner of such partnership who was not qualified to be such a partner under paragraph 1 shall thereupon lose its qualification as a partner.
(業務執行の方法等)
(Manner of Management of the Partnership Etc.)
第七条 組合業務は、無限責任組合員がこれを執行する
Article 7 The general partners shall manage the operations of a Partnership.
2 無限責任組合員が数あるときは、組合業務執行は、その過半数をもって決する。
(2) In the case that there are two or more general partners, the management of the Partnership's businesses shall be determined by a majority of the general partners.
3 組合の常務は、前の規定にかかわらず、各無限責任組合員が単独でこれを行うことができる。ただし、その終了前に他の無限責任組合員異議を述べたときは、この限りでない。
(3) Each general partner may execute routine business of the Partnership in its sole discretion notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph; provided, however, that the foregoing shall not apply where any general partner objects to such act of the general partner before its completion.
4 無限責任組合員が第三第一に掲げる事業以外の行為を行った場合は、組合員は、これを追認することができない無限責任組合員以外の者が同に掲げる事業以外の行為を行った場合も、同様とする
(4) In the event that the general partners carry out acts other than the business activities listed in Article 3(1), the partners may not ratify such act. The same shall apply in the event that any persons other than the general partners conduct a business other than those listed in the same paragraph.
5 組合(特定組合を除く。以下このにおいて同じ。)の無限責任組合員が中小未公開企業株式取得等事業以外の行為を行った場合は、組合員は、これを追認することができない組合無限責任組合員以外の者が当該行為を行った場合も、同様とする
(5) In the event that the general partners of a Partnership (excluding Specified Partnerships, and the same shall apply hereafter in this paragraph) conduct business activities other than the Business of acquiring shares, etc. of unlisted small or medium sized enterprises, the partners may not ratify such act. The same shall apply in the event that any persons other than the general partners conduct such business.
(財務諸表等の備付け及び閲覧等)
(Maintenance and Inspection, Etc. of Financial Statements, Etc.)
第八条 無限責任組合員は、毎事業年度経過後三月以内に、その事業年度貸借対照表損益計算書及び業務報告書並びにこれらの附属明細書(第三において「財務諸表等」という。)を作成し、五年間主たる事務所に備えて置かなければならない。
Article 8 The general partners shall prepare within three months after the end of each business year and maintain at the principal office for a period of five years thereafter the balance sheet, profit and loss statement and business report, along with their detailed attachments (referred to as "Financial Statements, Etc." in paragraph 3) for the business year concerned.
2 前項の場合においては、無限責任組合員は、組合契約書及び公認会計士外国公認会計士を含む。)又は監査法人意見書業務報告書及びその附属明細書については、会計に関する部分に限る。次において同じ。)を併せて備えて置かなければならない。
(2) Further to paragraph 1, the general partners shall also maintain the Partnership Contract and the audit report (with respect to the business report and its detailed attachments only the portion relating to accounting with the same to apply in the succeeding paragraph) prepared by either a certified public accountant (including a foreign certified public accountant) or an accounting firm.
3 組合員及び組合債権者は、営業時間内は、いつでも、財務諸表並びに組合契約書及び意見書閲覧又は謄写請求することができる
(3) A partner or a creditor of the Partnership may inspect or request a copy of the Financial Statements, Etc. and the Partnership Contract and audit report described in the preceding paragraph at anytime during normal business hours.
(組合員の責任)
(Responsibility of Partners)
第九条 無限責任組合員が数あるときは、各無限責任組合員組合債務について連帯して責任を負う。
Article 9 In the case where there are two or more general partners each of the general partners shall be jointly and severally liable for the obligations of the Partnership
2 有限責任組合員は、その出資価額限度として組合債務弁済する責任を負う。
(2) A limited partner shall be liable for the Partnership's obligations only to the extent of its capital investment.
3 有限責任組合員組合業務執行する権限を有する組合員であると誤認させるような行為があった場合には、前の規定にかかわらず当該有限責任組合員は、その誤認に基づき組合取引をした者に対し無限責任組合員と同一の責任を負う。
(3) Notwithstanding the preceding paragraph, in the case that a limited partner has misled a third party into believing that it is a partner having the authority to execute the business of the Partnership, the limited partner shall have the same responsibilities as the general partners vis-a-vis such third party who entered into a transaction with the Partnership on the basis of such misunderstanding.
(財産分配の制限)
(Restrictions on Distribution of Partnership Assets)
第十条 組合財産は、貸借対照表上の純資産額を超えて、これを分配することができない
Article 10 The assets of a Partnership may not be distributed in an amount exceeding the amount of the Partnership's net asset value as shown on the balance sheet.
2 有限責任組合員は、前規定に反して分配を受けた場合は、当該分配を受けた金額の範囲内において、組合債務弁済する責任を負う。ただし、有限責任組合員当該分配を受けた時から五年を経過したときは、この限りでない。
(2) If a limited partner receives a distribution in violation of the preceding paragraph the limited partner shall be liable for the obligations of the Partnership to the extent of the amount so received; provided, however, that the foregoing shall not apply after five years have elapsed since the limited partner received the distribution.
第三章 組合員の脱退
Chapter 3 Withdrawal by Partners
(任意脱退)
(Voluntary Withdrawal)
第十一条 組合員は、やむを得ない場合を除いて、組合脱退することができない
Article 11 No partner may withdraw from a Partnership except in unavoidable circumstances.
(非任意脱退)
(Involuntary Withdrawal)
第十二条 規定する場合のほか、組合員は、次の事由によって脱退する。
Article 12 In addition to the cases covered by the preceding Article, a partner shall withdraw from the Partnership in the following cases:
一 組合員たる資格の喪失
(i) Loss of qualification to be a partner;
二 死亡
(ii) Death;
三 破産
(iii) Bankruptcy;
四 後見開始の審判を受けたこと。
(iv) Order for commencement of guardianship; and
五 除名
(v) Expulsion.
第四章 組合の解散及び清算
Chapter 4 Dissolution and Liquidation of a Partnership
(解散の事由)
(Events of Dissolution)
第十三条 組合は、次の事由によって解散する。ただし、第二に掲げる事由による場合にあっては、その事由が生じた日から二週間以内であって解散の登記をする日までに、残存する組合員の一致によって新たに無限責任組合員又は有限責任組合員を加入させたときは、この限りでない。
Article 13 A Partnership shall be dissolved if any of the following occur; provided, however, that with respect to the event listed in item (2) below the foregoing shall not apply if new general partners or limited partners are admitted by unanimous agreement of the remaining partners within two weeks from the occurrence of such event and if the registration of dissolution has not yet been made:
一 目的たる事業の成功又はその成功の不能
(i) Achievement of its business purposes or if such achievement becomes impossible;
二 無限責任組合員又は有限責任組合員の全員の脱退
(ii) Withdrawal by a general partner or by all of the limited partners;
三 存続期間の満了
(iii) The expiration of the duration of the Partnership; or
四 組合契約で前三に掲げる事由以外の解散の事由を定めたときは、その事由の発生
(iv) If any event other than those listed in the preceding three items is stipulated to be an event of dissolution in the Partnership Agreement, the occurrence of such event.
(清算人)
(Liquidators)
第十四条 組合解散したときは、無限責任組合員がその清算人となる。ただし、総組合員過半数をもって他選任したときは、この限りでない。
Article 14 In the event that a Partnership is dissolved, the general partners shall become the liquidators; provided, however, that the foregoing shall not apply if other persons are elected as liquidators by a majority of all partners.
(清算人の業務執行方法)
(Liquidators' Manner of Execution of Business)
第十五条 清算人が数あるときは、第七第二及び第三規定準用する
Article 15 Paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 7 shall apply mutatis mutandis when there are two liquidators or more.
第五章 民法の準用
Chapter 5 Mutatis Mutandis Application of the Civil Code
民法の準用)
(Mutatis Mutandis Application of the Civil Code)
第十六条 組合については、民法(明治二十九年法律第八十九)第六百六十八組合財産共有)、第六百六十九金銭出資遅滞者の責任)、第六百七十一から第六百七十四まで(委任規定の準用、業務執行者の辞任又は解任組合員業務及び財産の状況の検査並びに組合員損益分配の割合)、第六百七十六組合員持分処分の制限及び組合財産分割禁止)、第六百七十七組合債務者相殺禁止)、第六百八十除名)、第六百八十一脱退組合員持分払戻し)、第六百八十三組合員解散請求)、第六百八十四解除効力の不そ及)、第六百八十七組合員である清算人の辞任又は解任及び第六百八十八清算人職務権限及び残余財産分割)の規定準用する
Article 16 Articles 668 (joint ownership of partnership assets), 669 (responsibility of persons delaying in making cash contribution), 671 though 674 (mutatis mutandis application of provisions for entrustment, resignation or removal of an executor of business, partners' right of inspection of the state of business and assets and proportion in respect of distribution of profits and losses to partners), 676 (restriction on disposal of equity interest by partners and prohibition of split of partnership assets), 677 (prohibition of set-off by debtors to the partnership), 680 (expulsion), 681 (return of equity interest to withdrawing partners), 683 (request for dissolution by partners), 684 (non-retroactiveness of effect of termination), 687 (resignation or removal of partner liquidators) and 688 (authority of liquidators and method of distribution of remaining assets) of the Civil Code (Act No. 89 of 1896) shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to a Partnership.
第六章 登記
Chapter 6 Registration
(組合契約の効力の発生の登記)
(Registration of a Partnership Agreement taking effect)
第十七条 組合契約効力を生じたときは、主たる事務所所在地においては二週間以内に、従たる事務所所在地においては三週間以内に、次の事登記しなければならない
Article 17 When a Partnership Agreement takes effect, the following matters shall be registered within two weeks at the location of the principal office and within three weeks at the secondary offices:
一 第三第二第一、第二、第六及び第七に掲げる事項
(i) The matters listed in Article 3 paragraph 2 items (1) (2) (6) and (7);
二 無限責任組合員氏名又は名称及び住所
(ii) The names and addresses of the general partners;
三 組合員の数の合計
(iii) The total number of partners;
四 組合事務所
(iv) The offices of the Partnership; and
五 組合契約で第十三第一から第三までに掲げる事由以外の解散の事由を定めたときは、その事由
(v) If any event other than those listed in Article 13 items (1) through (3) is stipulated as a event of dissolution in the Partnership Agreement such event.
(従たる事務所の新設の登記)
(Registration of Establishment of a Secondary Office)
第十八条 組合契約効力の発生の登記後に従たる事務所を設けたときは、主たる事務所所在地においては二週間以内に従たる事務所を設けたことを登記し、その従たる事務所所在地においては三週間以内に前に掲げる事項登記し、他の従たる事務所所在地においては同期間内にその従たる事務所を設けたことを登記しなければならない
Article 18 In the event that a secondary office is established after the registration of the Partnership Agreement taking effect, such establishment of a secondary office shall be registered at the district of the principal office within two weeks and the matters listed in the preceding Article shall be registered at the district of such secondary office within three weeks and the establishment of such secondary office shall be registered at the districts of other secondary offices within the same period.
2 主たる事務所又は従たる事務所所在地管轄する登記所の管轄区域内において新たに従たる事務所を設けたときは、その従たる事務所を設けたことを登記すれば足りる
(2) If a secondary office is established in the jurisdictional district of the registration office that is in charge of the district of the principal office, or any secondary office, it is sufficient to register the fact that such new secondary office has been established.
(事務所の移転の登記)
(Registration of Office Move)
第十九条 組合主たる事務所移転したときは、二週間以内に、旧所在地においては移転登記をし、新所在地においては第十七に掲げる事項登記し、従たる事務所移転したときは、旧所在地においては三週間以内に移転登記をし、新所在地においては四週間以内に同に掲げる事項登記しなければならない
Article 19 If a Partnership relocates its principal office, the relocation shall be registered within two weeks at the district in which the former office was located and the matters listed in Article 17 shall be registered at the district in which the new office is located. If a Partnership relocates a secondary office, the relocation shall be registered within three weeks at the district in which the former office was located and the matters listed in the same Article shall be registered within four weeks at the district in which the new office is located.
2 同一の登記所の管轄区域内において主たる事務所又は従たる事務所移転したときは、その移転登記をすれば足りる
(2) If the principal office or a secondary office is only being relocated within the jurisdictional district of the same registration office, it is sufficient to register such relocation.
(変更の登記)
(Registration of Changes)
第二十条 第十七に掲げる事項に変更を生じたときは、主たる事務所所在地においては二週間以内に、従たる事務所所在地においては三週間以内に、変更の登記しなければならない
Article 20 If a change in any of the matters listed in Article 17 occurs, such change shall be registered within two weeks at the district of the principal office and within three weeks at the districts of the secondary offices.
(無限責任組合員の業務執行停止等の登記)
(Registration of Suspension of Business Execution by General Partner)
第二十一条 無限責任組合員業務執行停止し、若しくはその業務代行する者を選任する仮処分又はその仮処分の変更若しくは取消しがあったときは、主たる事務所及び従たる事務所所在地において、その登記しなければならない
Article 21 If a provisional disposition is ordered suspending the execution of the business by a general partner or designating a person to execute business on its behalf or that such provisional disposition is changed or canceled, said fact shall be registered at the districts of the principal office and the secondary offices.
(解散の登記)
(Registration of Dissolution)
第二十二条 組合解散したときは、主たる事務所所在地においては二週間以内に、従たる事務所所在地においては三週間以内に、解散の登記しなければならない
Article 22 If a Partnership is dissolved, the dissolution shall be registered within two weeks at the district of the principal office and within three weeks at the districts of the secondary offices.
(清算人の登記)
(Registration of Liquidators)
第二十三条 無限責任組合員清算人となったときは、解散の日から、主たる事務所所在地においては二週間以内に、従たる事務所所在地においては三週間以内に、清算人氏名又は名称及び住所登記しなければならない
Article 23 If the general partners become the liquidators, the names and addresses of the liquidators shall be registered within two weeks from the date of dissolution at the district of the principal office and within three weeks at the districts of the secondary offices.
2 清算人選任があったときは、主たる事務所所在地においては二週間以内に、従たる事務所所在地においては三週間以内に、清算人氏名又は名称及び住所登記しなければならない
(2) If a liquidator is elected, the name and address of the liquidator shall be registered within two weeks at the district of the principal office and within three weeks at the districts of the secondary offices.
3 第二十規定は前二規定による登記に、第二十一規定清算人について準用する
(3) Article 20 shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to the registration set forth in the preceding two paragraphs and Article 21 shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to liquidators.
(清算結了の登記)
(Registration of Completion of Liquidation)
第二十四条 組合清算結了したときは、清算結了の日から、主たる事務所所在地においては二週間以内に、従たる事務所所在地においては三週間以内に、清算結了登記しなければならない
Article 24 Upon completion of the liquidation of a Partnership, the completion of the liquidation of the Partnership shall be registered within two weeks from the date of completion of the liquidation at the district of the principal office and within three weeks at the districts of the secondary offices.
(管轄登記所及び登記簿)
(Competent Registration Office and Registry)
第二十五条 組合契約登記に関する事務は、組合事務所所在地管轄する務局若しくは地方務局若しくはこれらの支局又はこれらの出張所が管轄登記所としてつかさどる
Article 25 The Legal Affairs Bureau or local Legal Affairs Bureau or a branch or sub-office thereof in the district where the office of a Partnership is located shall be the competent registration office with respect to the registration of the Partnership Agreement.
2 登記所に、投資事業有限責任組合契約登記簿を備える。
(2) A Registry of Limited Partnership Agreements for Investment shall be maintained in each registration office.
(登記の申請)
(Application for Registration)
第二十六条 第十七から第二十までの規定による登記無限責任組合員申請によって、第二十二から第二十四までの規定による登記清算人申請によってする。
Article 26 The registrations pursuant to the provisions of Articles 17 through 20 shall be made upon application by a general partner and those pursuant to the provisions of Articles 22 through 24 shall be made upon application by a liquidator.
2 登記申請をする無限責任組合員又は清算人法人であるときは、申請書当該法人代表者資格を証する書面添付しなければならない
(2) In the event that the general partner or liquidator who applies for registration pursuant to the preceding paragraph is a juridical person, a certificate evidencing the authority to represent such juridical person shall be attached to the application.
(組合契約の効力の発生の登記の添付書面)
(Attachment to Registration of Partnership Agreement Taking Effect)
第二十七条 組合契約効力の発生の登記申請書には、組合契約書添付しなければならない
Article 27 The Partnership Contract shall be attached to the application for registration of the occurring of effect of the Partnership Agreement.
(変更の登記の添付書面)
(Attachment to Registration of Changes)
第二十八条 事務所の新設若しくは移転又は第十七に掲げる事項の変更の登記申請書には、事務所の新設若しくは移転又は登記の変更を証する書面添付しなければならない
Article 28 In an application for registration of an establishment or relocation of office or registration of any change in the matters listed in Article 17, a written document evidencing the establishment or relocation of the office or the change in the registered matters shall be attached to the application.
(解散の登記の添付書面)
(Attachment to Registration of Dissolution)
第二十九条 解散の登記申請書には、その事由の発生を証する書面添付しなければならない
Article 29 In an application for registration of dissolution, a written document evidencing the occurrence of an event of dissolution shall be attached to the application.
(清算人の登記の添付書面)
(Attachment to Registration of Liquidators)
第三十条 組合員過半数をもって選任した清算人登記申請書には、総組合員過半数の一致があったことを証する書面及びその者が受任したことを証する書面添付しなければならない
Article 30 In an application for registration of a liquidator who has been elected by a majority of all partners, a written document evidencing the agreement by a majority of all partners and a written document evidencing the acceptance of office by such person, shall be attached to the application.
(清算人の登記の変更の登記の添付書面)
(Attachment to Registration of Change in the Registration of Liquidators)
第三十一条 清算人の退任による変更の登記申請書には、退任を証する書面添付しなければならない
Article 31 In an application for registration of change in the registration by reason of resignation of a liquidator, a written document evidencing such resignation shall be attached to the application.
2 清算人氏名又は名称及び住所の変更の登記申請書には、登記の変更を証する書面添付しなければならない
(2) In an application for registration of change in the name or address of a liquidator, a written document evidencing such change in the registered matters shall be attached to the application.
(清算結了の登記の添付書面)
(Attachment to Registration of Completion of Liquidation)
第三十二条 清算結了登記申請書には、組合財産処分が完了したことを証する総組合員が作成した書面添付しなければならない
Article 32 In an application for registration of completion of liquidation, a written document executed by all partners evidencing that the disposal of the Partnership's assets has been completed shall be attached to the application.
商業登記法等の準用)
(Mutatis Mutandis Application of the Commercial Registration Act, Etc.)
第三十三条 組合登記については、商業登記法(昭和三十八年法律第百二十五)第二から第五まで(登記及び登記官)、第七から第十八まで、第十九の二から第二十三まで、第二十四(第十六を除く。)、第二十六登記簿及び登記手続の通則)、第二十七(類似商号登記禁止)、第五十六から第五十九まで、第六十一第一合名会社登記及び第百七から第百二十まで(登記更正及び抹消、電子情報処理組織による登記に関する特例並びに雑則並びに民事保全法(平成元年法律第九十一)第五十六法人代表者職務執行停止仮処分等の登記嘱託)の規定準用する。この場合において、商業登記法第五十六第三中「商法第六十四第一」とあるのは「投資事業有限責任組合契約に関する法律(平成十年法律第九十)第十七」と、民事保全法第五十六中「法人を代する者その他法人役員」とあるのは「投資事業有限責任組合無限責任組合員又は清算人」と、「法人本店又は主たる事務所及び支店又は従たる事務所」とあるのは「投資事業有限責任組合主たる事務所及び従たる事務所」と読み替えるものとする
Article 33 Articles 2 through 5 (Register Office and Registrar), 7 through 18, 19-2 through 23, 24 (excluding item (xvi)), 26 (General Rules for Registry, etc. and Registration Procedure), 27 (Prohibition on Use of Similar Trade Names), 56 through 59, 61(1) (Registration of Incorporated General Partnership (gomei gaisha)) and 107 through 127 (Revision or Cancellation of Registration, Special Rules on Registration by Electronic Information Processing Organization and Miscellaneous Provisions) of the Commercial Registration Act (Act No. 125 of 1963) and Articles 56 (Entrustment of Registration of Provisional Dispositions Concerning Suspension of Business Execution by a Representative of a Juridical person, etc.) of the Civil Preservation Act (Act No 91 of 1989) shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to the registration of a Partnership. In application of the foregoing provisions of the Commercial Registration Act, the phrase "Article 64(1) of the Commercial Code" in Article 56(3) of the Commercial Registration Act shall be replaced with "Article 17 of the Limited Partnership Act for Investment (Act No 90 of 1998)" and the phrases "a representative of the juridical person or other executives of the juridical person" and "the head office or principal office and branches or secondary offices of the juridical person" in Article 56 of the Civil Preservation Act shall respectively be replaced with "a general partner or a liquidator of the Investment LPS" and "the principal office and secondary offices of the Investment LPS".
第七章 罰則
Chapter 7 Penalties
第三十四条 次の場合には、無限責任組合員又は清算人は、百万円以下の過料に処する
Article 34 In the following cases general partners or liquidators shall be punished by a fine of no more than 1,000,000 yen:
一 この法律に定める登記を怠ったとき。
(i) If they fail to perform the registrations required by this Act; or
二 第八規定違反して書類を備えて置かず、その書類に記載すべき事を記載せず、若しくは不実の記載をし、又は正当な理由がないのにその書類の閲覧若しくは謄写を拒んだとき。
(ii) If they fail to maintain the required documents, fail to record the required information in these documents or record false information or refuse to allow inspection or copying of these documents without reasonable justification, in violation of the provisions of Article 8.
第三十五条 不正の競争目的で、登記された組合名称同一又は類似名称使用した者は、二十万円以下の過料に処する。第五第三において準用する商法第二十一第一規定違反した者も、同様とする
Article 35 Any person who uses a registered name of a Partnership or a similar name for the purpose of unfair competition shall be punished by a fine of no more than 200,000 yen. The forgoing shall also apply to persons who violate Article 21(1) of the Commercial Code as applied under Article 5(3) of this Act.